Daily Weather Report
Date:- 20 th January 2017Cold Wave/Day and Fog Watch:
Agricultural activities :
Contingency measures :
Figure-1. Latest available satellite picture as on 20 th January 2017 at 02:30 Hrs. (IST)
Figure-2. Precipitation forecast for 20 th to 26 th January 2017 (IST)(Source: NOAA /NCEP)
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Weekly Weather Report
Week No: 02
Weather summary during the week - 5th to 12th January 2017
Lowest Minimum Temperature
Average rainfall during the week
Cumulative Seasonal rainfall (1st January to 11th January 2017)
State-wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal, deficient, scanty and no rainfall during post monsoon season rainfall (1st January to 11th January 2017)
Weekly rainfall departure (%) at different IMD subdivisions (2016)
Table 1. State wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal,
During the week dry and through later half severe cold weather prevailed in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. Maximum temperature across the week was 1.5 0C above normal with a deviation of +0.4 to -4.9 0C from normal. Minimum temperature across the week was 3.3 0C below normal with a deviation of -7.1 to +3.1 0C from normal. In Maharashtra state total rabi sowing stands at 98.8% (54.184 lakh ha) mainly of rabi sorghum (20.585 lakh ha) and chickpea (16.282 lakh ha). Agricultural operations like need based irrigation/weeding and hoeing underway in standing rabi crops. Irrigation/top dressing of N fertilizer to wheat crop underway. Need based plant protection is being undertaken in safflower (aphids)/chickpea (pod borer). Harvesting of orange /guava/aonla as per maturity of fruits in progress. Vegetable cultivation underway during the period. Irrigation and basin mulching of new plantations in progress. Late pigeon pea at maturity stage. November sown wheat crop is at boot stage. Late sown (December) wheat crop is at jointing stage. Early sown rainfed chickpea at pod formation/seed development stage. Late sown irrigated chickpea is through late vegetative phase/flowering. Safflower at rosset/flowering stage. Orange/guava/papaya fruits at harvest stage as per maturity. No major pests/diseases were noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Konkan region of Maharashtra state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 24.5 to 30.0 0C and the minimum temperature ranges from 4.1 to 11.0 0C. Agricultural operations like plant protection measures are being undertaken in rabi crops based on need or attack of pests, picking in cotton, irrigation, weeding, hoeing and plant protection measures are in progress. Pigeonpea crop is at physiological maturity stage and harvesting is in progress. Sorghum is in grain filling stage. Rabi crop (Rabi Sorghum, Chickpea, Safflower, Wheat & vegetables like tomato, brinjal) growth is satisfactory. Cotton picking is in progress. Chickpea crop is in pod development stage. No major pests/diseases were noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Konkan region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum and minimum temperature ranged from 28.0 to 30.0 0C and 9.5 to 12.0 0C respectively. Agricultural operations like sowing of groundnut, vegetable crop and watermelon is in progress. Seedling stage in lab lab bean, mustard & groundnut are at vegetative flush and flowering of mango. No major pests/diseases were noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 31.1 to 32.0 0C and the average maximum temperature maximum temperature maximum temperature recorded was 31.7 0C (normal 30.3 0C) and the maximum temperature across the week was 1.4 0 0C above normal. The minimum temperature ranged between 11.9 to 14.8 0 0C and the average minimum temperature recorded was 13.2 0C (normal 14.3 0C) and the minimum temperature was across the week is 1.1 0C above normal. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of rabi season crops like sunflower, safflower, jowar, gram and red gram of kharif season crops are in progress. All rabi crops and at maturity stage, ber is at fruiting stage and gram, jowar are in soft dough to hard dough stage. Moderate intensity of helicoverpa in gram, aphids in safflower and ber fruit fly in ber was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Andhra Pradesh state during this week. The total area sown in Andhra Pradesh State up to 14.01.2017 is 16.21 lakh ha. (66%) as against the normal area of 24.63 lakh ha. and Normal as on date 19.57 lakh ha. (83%). Agricultural operations harvesting of kharif castor and redgram, paddy transplantations, in Godavari and penna delta and harvesting of kharif paddy crop are in progress. Jowar, bajra, maize, redgram, greengram, blackgram, Bengal gram, horsegram, groundnut and sesamum crops are at vegetative stage. Redgram crop is at harvesting stage. Chillies and tobacco crops are at vegetative stage. Niger is at flowering stage. Moderate intensity of yellow mosaic virus, pod borer in blackgram and leaf folder, leaf blast in paddy crop was noticed
Dry weather prevailed in Assam state during this week. The daily average maximum temperature was 26.1 0C which is 1.8 0C above normal and the average daily minimum temperature was 11.0 0C which is 0.1 0C above normal for the week. Agricultural operations like transplanting boro rice, harvesting of sugarcane, potato, other tuber crops and earthing up and harvesting, other intercultural operations in rabi maize and late planting potato fields are in progress. Potato is in tuber formation in late plantings and maturity in early planting crops. Sugarcane is at maturity and harvesting stages, rabi maize is in cob formation to early maturity stages, rabi vegetables are at maturity / harvesting stages and rapeseed & mustard are at flowering stage to pod formation stage. Low intensity of aphid and sawfly in rapeseed and mustard was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Bihar state during this week. Maximum temperature ranged from 18.5 to 24.0 0C against the normal of 22.4 to 22.7 0C. Minimum temperature ranged from 1.5 to 9.0 0C against the normal of 7.5 to 8.3 0C. Cold wave like condition prevailed and it is hampering the normal growth of maize, potato and other pluses crops. Maize leaves have turned yellowish and potato crop has been affected due to late blight disease. Agricultural operations like irrigation in maize and potato, top dressing of urea in wheat and maize, planting of onion and earthing up in potato and maize crops are in progress. Maize is in knee high stage. Wheat is in tillering to booting stage. Late varieties are in tillering stage. Potato is grand growth stage. Early varieties of pigeon pea is in flowering to pod formation stage. Mustard in flowering to silique formation stage. Coriander is in flowering stage. Low intensity in early and late blight in potato, leaf curling in brinjal and alterneria blight in pigeonpea was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Chhattisgarh state during the week. The area (in thousand ha) sown under different crops as on 09.01.2017 are as under: Total cereals 407.08 (238.46, 59%), total pulses 913.51 (812.65, 89%), total Oilseeds 288.89 (209.98, 72.6%) and total Rabi crops 1830.00 (1410.25, 77%). Agricultural operations like sowing of leafy vegetables (spinach, fenugreek) and planting of chillies, tomato, brinjal and cauliflower, intercultural operations in vegetables, need based application of insecticides in vegetables and sowing of winter maize and sunflower crops are in progress. Pigeonpea crop in pod formation to physiological maturity stage. Chickpea is in branching to pre flowering stage. Early sown sunflower, Pea, mustard and lentil are in vegetative stage. Brinjal and tomato are in flowering to fruiting stage. Sugarcane is in maturity stage. Wheat crops in CRI and tillering stage. Flowering in mango crop has started. Low intensity of shoot fruit borer spp. and diamond back moth, thrips, Jassids, leaf miner and yellow vein mosaic in brinjal and cauliflower crops was noticed
Eastern Uttar Pradesh
Moderate foggy weather in morning hours is prevailed in Eastern region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation, top dressing of fertilizer nitrogen in wheat and digging of potato crops are in progress. Timely sown wheat is in tillering stage while late sown wheat is in CRI stage and pigeon pea is in reproductive stage. Light intensity of blight in potato crop was noticed.
Western Uttar Pradesh
Cold wave condition prevailed in West Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation, top dressing urea and spray weedicide in wheat and barley, irrigation in pigeon pea, lentil, nipping and spray in gram, spray pesticide in pea, top dressing mustard and dig out early sown crop and spray pesticide in potato crops are in progress. Wheat and barley are in emergence to CRI /tillering stage, toria is at dough/ maturity stage, pea and mustard are at vegetative stage and vegetables are at flowering /fruiting stage. Light intensity of late blight in potato and powdery mildew in pea crop was noticed
Dry weather prevailed in Gujrat state during this week. The average maximum temperature is higher in tune of 1.4 0C and minimum temperature is lower in tune of 1.1 0C as compared to their normal values. Agricultural operations like irrigation in normal sown wheat & mustard and regular removal of suckers in rustic tobacco crop are in progress. Wheat at heading stage, mustard at pod development stage. Vegetative stage in tobacco. Potato in reproductive stage. Pod development stage in Mustard, boot stage in wheat, vegetative stage in potato and pod development stage in chickpea and pigeon pea and tomato in fruiting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.
Jammu & Kashmir
Light rainfall received in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during this week. The maximum temperature remained below normal by 1.0 to 2.0 0C and ranged from 16.6 to 17.2 0C. In case of minimum temperature it remained below normal by 1.0 to 4.0 0C and ranged from 1.0 to 6.6 0C. Agricultural operations like application of nitrogen fertilizer as top dressing in normal and late sown wheat and barley crop, weed control measures in early and normal sown wheat crop, plant protection measures in mustard, vegetable and pulses crop, sowing of very late wheat crop in rainfed areas and transplanting of onion and protection of young fruit plants from cold/low temperature are in progress. Normal sown wheat is at jointing stage. Late sown wheat is at CRI stage. Normal and early sown mustard is at reproductive stage and pulse crop is at initiation of flowering stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.
Cloudy weather and light rain during this week. Daily maximum and minimum rainfall range between 20.2 to 26.3 ºC and 2.2 to 8.3 ºC respectively. Agricultural operations like harvesting of potato, planting of onion and cole crop has been finished and direction on fish rearing is in progress. Wheat is at maximum tillering to jointing. Potato at tuber formation to maturity stage. Chickpea at vegetative to flowering linseed at flowering to pod formation, field pea at flowering to pod formation and mustard crop is at flowering to post flowering stage. Timely sown pigeonpea at flowering to pod formation, while late sown pigeonpea is at pre flowering to flowering stage. Light intensity of blight in potato crop was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Kerala state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged from 34.0 to 35.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 19.4 to 22.0 0C. Agricultural operations like irrigation, propping and mulching in Banana is in progress. Second paddy crop is in harvesting stage. Nursery preparation for third paddy crop in high range zone. Harvesting continuing in ginger, cardamom, coffee and pepper. Moderate intensity of powdery mildew in okra, leaf eating caterpillar and mite in coconut, mosquito bug in coffee, sigatoka leaf spot in banana, leaf eating caterpillar in rubber and marginal thrips in pepper was noticed.
Cloudy weather with light shower of rains prevailed in the eastern region of Madhya Pradesh state during this week. Both day and night temperatures decline after disappearance of cloud cover. Agricultural operations like insecticide application in pulses and oilseeds, urea application in wheat, berseem and fodder crop and irrigation in wheat crops are in progress. Vegetables like tomato, cauliflower and cabbage at harvesting stage. Wheat at jointing stage, chickpea at 50 % flowering stage, pigeonpea at pod development stage and mustard at siliqua formation stage. Low intensity of pod borer in chickpea and aphids in mustard crops was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Northern region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting of pigeonpea, chickpea and onion and intrcultivation in sorghum crop is under progress. Pigeonpea, chickpea and onion are at harvesting stage, safflower is in seed filling stage and sorghum is at grain filling stage. Moderate intensity of sucking pest in safflower and pod borer chickpea was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in southern region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting, cleaning and storage of maize, ragi and short duration crops, harvesting of pigeonpea crop and plant protection measure in mango crop is under progress. All the crops are in harvesting stage, mango is in flowering to fruit setting stage. Moderate intensity of powdery mildew disease in mango was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Odisha state during the week. Agricultural operations like transplanting of summer rice, planting of sugarcane, threshing of late rice, nursery management of rice, sowing of summer maize, intercultural operation in onion, sowing of summer groundnut, plant protection in irrigated mustard, nursery sowing of ragi, intercultural operations in Bengal gram and pea pinching of marigold. Sowing of summer sunflower, land preparation of summer sesame, pruning and top dressing of rose and jasmine, removal of suckers from chrysanthemum, harvesting of late duration paddy, plant protection in potato, planting and plant protection of cole crops planting and tomato in main field plant protection of medium arhar crops are in progress. Seedling stage of summer rice. Harvesting stage of sugarcane Seed development stage of Beans Maturity stage of potato Seed development stage of medium pigeon pea Maturity stage of early rainfed mustard Peg initiation stage to pod development stage of rabi groundnut Flowering stage of rabi sunflower Seedling stage of summer groundnut Seedling stage of sugarcane Silking stage of rabi maize Harvesting stage of sugarcane Fruiting stage of brinjal, tomato okra, cucurbits, cowpea Harvesting stage of turmeric, zinger, colocasia and yam Harvesting stage of cole crops. Low intensity of yellow stem borer, leaf folder/case worm, brown plant hopper, white backed plant hopper and blast in paddy crop was noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in Punjab state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 16.4 to 17.2 0C and minimum temperature ranged between 2.8 to 6.6 0C. Agricultural operations like irrigation to the wheat, gobhi, sarson and sowing of sunflower varieties like PSH 568, PSFH 118, SH 3322, Jawalamukhi and GKSFH 2002 are in progress. Wheat is in vegetative stage and mustard is at flowering stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.
Cold waves prevailed in the entire Rajasthan state during this week. The lowest temperature -3.5 0C was recorded on 12th Jan at Fatehpur (Sikar).Below zero 0C temperature was recorded at many places (Mt Abu, Rajsamand, Churu etc.) The maximum temperature is range from 19.1 to 23.0 0C with mean value of 20.9 0C which is 2.5 0C below the normal value. The minimum temperature range from 2.0 to 11.7 0C with mean value of 5.6 0C which is equal the normal value. Agricultural operations like irrigation in wheat, mustard, forage crops, hoeing and thinning in opium poppy and intercultural operations in vegetables crops are in progress. Wheat is in CRI to heading stage, opium poppy is at 3 leaf to rosette stage, mustard is at flowering stage and fenugreek and gram are at vegetative stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.Tamil Nadu
Dry weather prevailed in Tamil Nadu state during this week. Maximum temperature ranged from 29.0 to 34.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 17.0 to 24.0 0C. Agricultural operations like spraying of pesticide and drought mitigation practices are in progress. Rice is in active tillering to panicle initiation stage. Chillies are in vegetative to flowering stage. Cotton is in boll development to boll bursting stage. Millets are in maturity stage. Banana is in bunch development stage. Sugarcane is in grand growth stage. Moderate intensity of leaf folder, ear head bug in rice, thrips, die back in chillies, leaf hopper, stem weevil, mealy bug in cotton and top borer in sugarcane noticed.
Dry weather prevailed in West Bengal state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged from 22.2 to 27.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 9.0 to 13.0 0C, respectively. Agricultural operations like intercultural intercultural operations as well as harvesting for vegetables like brinjal, tomato, okra, bitter gourd, cucumber, intercultural operation (irrigation) as well as harvesting is going on in sugarcane, nursery management and main field preparation for boro rice, intercultural as well as harvesting operations for cabbage, cauliflower and intercultural operation of brinjal, beet, potato and mustard crops are in progress. Boro rice is in seedling stage, vegetables and all gourds is in vegetative and fruiting stage, sugarcane is in maturity stage, cabbage and cauliflower are at vegetative growth stage and potato and mustard are at vegetative stage. Low intensity of downy mildew in vegetable in crops was noticed.
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