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Daily Weather Report

Date:- 21 st February 2017

Western Disturbance and associated weather:
  • The present Western Disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation now lies over Jammu & Kashmir and adjoining north Pakistan with a trough aloft roughly along Longitude 73.0 0E and north of Latitude 32.0 0N. It is likely to cause isolated to scattered precipitation over Western Himalayan Region during next 48 hours. Due to eastward movement of his system there will be a change in lower level wind pattern over Northwest India which will result into fall in minimum temperatures by 2­3 0C over Northwest India and adjoining Central and West India during next 2­3 days.
  • Shallow to moderate fog observed at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, West Uttar Pradesh, Sub­ Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram and Coastal Andhra Pradesh. The visibility observed <200 Mat Gulmarg, Kalpa, Ludhiana, Coochbehar, Halflong, Vishakhapatnam and<500 M at eerut, Imphal, Lengpui,Bapatla, Machilipatnam during morning hours of today.
  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.
    Main weather observations :
    • Rainfall (from 0830 hours IST of yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today): Rainfall/snow occurred at most places over Jammu & Kashmir and at many places over places over Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand. Rainfall/thundershower occurred at many places over Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Sub­ Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram & Tripura. The amount of rainfall (in cm) recorded at 0830 hours IST of today is: Majbat­ 7; Baderwah, Manali, Cherrapunji and Tezpur­ 5; Golaghat, Pahalgaon and Kokarnag ­4; Dibrugarh, Banihal and North­ Lakhimpur ­3; and Batote, Jammu, Bhuntar, Passighat, Itanagar, Pet­Jorhat, Silchar and Tangla­ 2 each; Halflong, Imphal and Shimla ­1 each.

    • Minimum temperatures are observed <5.0 0C at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir and isolated places over Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand; <10.0 0C at isolated places over Rajasthan, Sub­ Himalayan West engal & Sikkim, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tamilnadu.
    • Minimum temperature departures as on 21.02.2017: Minimum temperatures are appreciably below normal (­3.0 0C to­5.0 0C) at isolated places over Tamilnadu; below normal (­1.6 0C to ­3.0 0C) at a few places over Telangana, Pudducherry. Theyare markedly above normal (5.0 0C or more)at a few places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi; at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sub ­Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; appreciably above normal (3.0 0C to 5.0 0 C) at most places over Uttar Pradesh, East Rajasthan and West Madhya Pradesh; at many places over rest Punjab, Bihar, rest Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Bihar, Gujarat region, Gangetic West Bengal, Odisha, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram& Tripura; at a few places over Saurashtra  Kutch; above normal (1.6 0 C to 3.0 0 C)at a few places over East Madhya Pradesh, Konkan & Goa Coastal Karnataka and Kerala at isolated places over rest Tamilnadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and near normal over rest of the country. The Lowest minimum temperature of 7.5 0C recorded at Phalodi (West Rajasthan)in the plains of the country.
    • Maximum temperature departures as on 20.02.2017: Maximum temperatures were markedly above normal (5.1 0C or more)at most places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi ; at many places over east Rajasthan; at a few places over Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Vidarbha ; at isolated laces ver Himachal Pradesh and Saurashtra &Kutch; appreciably above normal (3.1 0C to 5.0 0C)at most places over Jharkhand; at many places over Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Maharashtra, Marathwada and Telangana and Rayalaseema; at a few places over West Rajasthan, Bihar, Odisha, Gujarat region and north Interior Karnataka and at isolated places over West Bengal & Sikkim, Konkan & Goa and Coastal Andhra Pradesh; above normal (1.6 0C to 3.0 0C) at many places over South Interior Karnataka; at a few places over Tamilnadu and Kerala at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands and near normal over rest of the country. They were markedly below normal (­5.1 0C or less ) at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya and appreciably below normal( ­3.1 0C to ­5.0 0C)at isolated places over Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
    Weather warning for next 5 days
    • 22 February (Day 1): No weather warning.
    • 23 February (Day 2): No weather warning.
      24 February (Day 3): No weather warning.
    • 25 February (Day 4): No weather warning..
    • 26 February (Day 5): No weather warning..
    • The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 22nd February to 29th February 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from http://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower would occur over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Nicobar Islands.(Fig. 2).

    Agricultural activities :

    Jammu & Kashmir

    Weather condition:

    • Clear weather observed over Ranchi, Jharkhand State during past few days. The maximum temperature remained around normal and ranged from 28.0 to 30 0C. The minimum temperature found variable and ranged from 13 to 15 0C.

    Contingency measures :

    • Summer Rice: Farmers having 21 days old seedlings may start transplanting. Before transplanting, field may be ploughed repeatedly (for puddling) and apply 18 kg D.A.P., 11 kg Urea and 14 kg Muriate of Potash per acre at the time of final preparation of the field. Plant 2 - 3 seedlings at a spacing of 20 cm (Row to Row) and 15 cm (Plant to Plant). Broadcast urea in 10 - 12 days old seedlings @ 2 kg per 10 dismil of nursery bed and maintain the soil moisture of nursery bed.
    • Wheat: Timely sown crops are at heading stage and this stage is very much sensitive of moisture stress. Hence, irrigate the field as per the status of soil moisture. Potato:: Early to medium duration variety of potato matures with in 80-120 days. Farmers are advised to remove the upper leaves/parts (Dehaulming) of the crop, before 7 - 10 days of digging.
    • Mung(Green gram) : After digging of potato farmers may sow the mung in case they have limited irrigation facility. Select improved variety of mung S.M.L.- 668 and sow the seed @ 12 kg per acre.
    • Vegetable: Control the attack of pumpkeen beetle immediately in cucurbitaceous plant. The development stage of these insects takes place in the soil of the field and thereafter adult insects climbs on plant and sucks the sap of the leaves. Hence, wet the soil near the root zone of the plant with the insecticide Chlorpyriphos (4 ml. per liter of water) and also spray the same insecticide on plant @ 2 ml. per liter of water. In absence of the insecticide, broadcast the wood ash mixed with kerosin oil on the plant during early morning. Farmers wishing to cultivate summer vegetables may proceed for seeding immediately. 4 - 5 seeds should be sown in each peat and a light irrigation should be provided before seeding and peat should be covered by straw to maintain heat and moisture. Stem and Fruit borer in brinjal crops can be controlled by using Feromon Trap without use of chemical insecticides. 10 Feromon trap should be installed in one acre for effective control of the insects.
    • Fish Rearing :: Now the temperature is increasing day by day and it will favour the growth of fishes. Hence, add cow dung and lime in the pond as a natural foods for fishes and alternative feeds may also be used like Rice Bran and Mustard cake (each of 5 kg per day per acre area of pond).

    Figure-1. Latest available satellite picture as on 21 st February 2017 at 02:30 Hrs. (IST)

    Figure-2. Precipitation forecast for 21 st February to 28 th February 2017 (IST)(Source: NOAA /NCEP)

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Weekly Weather Report

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Weekly Weather Report

Week No: 07

Weather summary during the week - 9th to 15th February 2017

Fog

  • Dense to very dense fog observed at isolated places over Odisha on many days and over SubHimalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; Uttarakhand; Haryana and Punjab on one or two days during the week.

Minimum Temperature

  • Minimum temperatures ≤ 5.0 0C were recorded over Himachal Pradesh; Jammu & Kashmir on almost all the days; and over Uttarakhand on one or two days of the week. Similarly, minimum temperatures ≤ 10.0 0C were recorded over Punjab, East Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi on almost all the days; over Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura and East Rajasthan on many days; and over SubHimalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Bihar, Uttarakhand and north Madhya Pradesh on one or two days during the week.
  • The lowest minimum temperature in the plains of the country was 3.3 0C recorded at Ganganagar (Rajasthan) on 11th February 2017.

Meteorological Analysis

  • Last week’s trough from Equatorial Indian Ocean to Comorin area became less marked on 9th February 2017.
  • Last week’s western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation over north Pakistan & neighbourhood was seen as an upper air cyclonic circulation over north Pakistan & adjoining Jammu & Kashmir extending upto 5.8 km above mean sea level on 9th; over Jammu & Kashmir & neighbourhood extending upto 3.1 km above mean sea level on 10th; over east Jammu & Kashmir & neighbourhood on 11th and moved away eastnortheastwards on 12th February 2017.
  • Last week’s induced cyclonic circulation over West Rajasthan & adjoining central Pakistan became less marked on 9th February 2017.
  • Last week’s upper air cyclonic circulation over SubHimalayan West Bengal & neighbourhood lay over Meghalaya & neighbourhood extended upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 9th and became less marked on 10th February 2017.
  • A trough in low level easterlies ran from North Interior Karnataka to central parts of Madhya Pradesh across Marathawada & Vidarbha extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 9th; from the cyclonic circulation over comorin area & neighbourhood to Madhya Maharashtra across Interior Karnataka on 10th; from Comorin area to Gujarat region across Tamilnadu, Interior Karnataka & Madhya Maharashtra on 11th; from the cyclonic circulation over comorin area & neighbourhood to Madhya Maharashtra across interior Tamilnadu & Interior Karnataka on 12th; from Maldives to north Konkan coast on 13th and became less marked on 14th February 2017.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over interior Odisha & adjoining Chhattisgarh upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 10th; over south Chhattisgarh & adjoining Odisha between 1.5 km and 2.1 km above mean sea level on 11th and became less marked on 12th February 2017.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Comorin area & neighbourhood upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 10th, it persisted till 12th and became less marked on 13th February 2017.
  • Wind confluence took place over Chhattisgarh & adjoining East Madhya Pradesh in lower levels 11th; over Madhya Pradesh on 12th & 13th and became unimportant on 14th February 2017.
  • A wind confluence took place over Tamilnadu in lower levels on 14th and became less marked on 15th.
  • A fresh feeble western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation lay over north Pakistan and adjoining Jammu & Kashmir and extended upto 3.6 km above mean sea level on 12th; and over eastern parts of Jammu & Kashmir on 13th & 14th. It moved away northeastwards on 15th February 2017.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over east Bangladesh & neighbourhood upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 12th & 13th; and became unimportant on 14th February 2017.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over east Bihar & adjoining SubHimalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and extended upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 12th; and became less marked on 13th February 2017.
  • Another western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Afghanistan & neighbourhood between 3.1 & 5.8 km above mean sea level on 14th; and was seen as a feeble trough roughly along Longitude 70.0.0 0 E and north of Latitude 32 0 N at mid-tropospheric levels on 15th February 2017. An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Saurashtra & Kutch and neighbourhood and extended upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 14th and over Gujarat region & neighbourhood on 15th February.

Average rainfall during the week

  • The All India area weighted rainfall during the week 0.7 mm was -86% below normal (5.1 mm).
  • The subdivision-wise weekly rainfall distribution is presented in Fig.1 . Rainfall Rainfall was L. excess in 0 excess in 1, normal in 1, deficit in 2, L. deficit in 10, and no rain in 22out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

Cumulative Seasonal rainfall (1st January to 15th February 2017)

  • The cumulative seasonal rainfall during 1st January to 15th February 2017 over the country as a whole was 32.6 mm which is 9% above to normal rainfall of 29.8 mm.
  • The subdivision-wise seasonal rainfall distribution is presented in Fig. 2. Rainfall was L. excess in 4, excess in 5, normal in 4, deficit in 4, L. deficit in 13 and no rain in 6 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

State-wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal, deficient, scanty and no rainfall during post monsoon season rainfall (1st January to 15th February 2017)

  • In the country, 12% districts received large excess, 7% districts received excess and 7% districts normal rainfall during post monsoon season so far. However, 11 districts received deficient, 26% districts received large deficient rainfall and 37% districts received no rainfall/ no data. (Table-1)

Weekly rainfall departure (%) at different IMD subdivisions (2016)

  • During the week under report no Sub-division received large excess rainfall, 1 Sub-division viz.; East Madhya Pradesh received excess rainfall, 1 Sub-division viz.; West Madhya Pradesh received normal rainfall and remaining 34 Sub-divisions received either deficit/large  deficit/no rainfall. (Table-2).

Table 1. State wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal,
deficient, scanty and no rainfall (01.01.2017 to 15.02.2017)

S. NO.

STATES

LE

E

N

D

LD

NR

ND

TOTAL

1

A & N ISLAND(UT)

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

2.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

0

0

0

3

8

2

3

16

3.

ASSAM

0

0

0

0

14

12

1

27

4.

MEGHALAYA

0

0

0

1

4

2

0

7

5.

NAGALAND

0

0

0

0

3

2

6

11

6.

MANIPUR

0

0

0

0

1

4

4

9

7.

MIZORAM

0

0

0

0

1

3

5

9

8.

TRIPURA

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

4

9.

SIKKIM

0

0

0

0

3

0

1

4

10.

WEST BENGAL

0

0

0

0

10

9

0

19

11.

ODISHA

0

0

0

1

11

18

0

30

12.

JHARKHAND

0

0

1

4

9

8

2

24

13.

BIHAR

0

0

0

1

5

32

0

38

14.

UTTAR PRADESH

1

9

8

17

30

6

1

72

15.

UTTARAKHAND

0

0

2

9

2

0

0

13

16.

HARYANA

7

7

5

2

0

0

0

21

17.

CHANDIGARH(UT)

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

18.

DELHI

3

4

1

1

0

0

0

9

19.

PUNJAB

4

5

4

5

2

0

0

20

20.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

3

6

3

0

0

0

0

12

21.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

15

2

0

0

0

0

5

22

22.

RAJASTHAN

9

4

6

4

6

4

0

33

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

2

2

4

11

23

9

0

51

24.

GUJARAT

0

0

0

0

1

32

0

33

25.

DNH & DAMAN(UTs)

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

26.

DIU(UT)

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

27.

GOA

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

28.

MAHARASHTRA

0

0

0

0

5

31

0

36

29.

CHHATISGARH

0

0

0

1

10

16

0

27

30.

ANDHRA PRADESH

0

1

0

1

5

6

0

13

31.

TELANGANA

0

0

0

0

0

10

0

10

32.

TAMILNADU

13

5

7

4

3

0

0

32

33.

PONDICHERRY(UT)

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

4

34.

KARNATAKA

6

1

1

1

4

17

0

30

35.

KERALA

5

0

3

3

3

0

0

14

36.

LAKSHADWEEP(UT)

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

TOTAL

73

47

45

70

163

230

32

660

CATEGORYWISE DISTRIBUTION OF DISTRICTS OUT OF THE 625 WHOSE DATA RECEIVED

12%

7%

7%

11%

26%

37%

 

 

 

 

CATEGORY

NO. OF STATE/UT

L. EXCESS

12

EXCESS

7

NORMAL

7

DEFICIENT

11

L.DEFICIENT

26

NO RAIN

37

Crop weather conditions
(12th to 18th February 2017)

The crop weather conditions in different states as reported by the cooperating centers of AICRPAM are as under:

Maharashtra

Vidharbha region

        Dry weather prevailed in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. Maximum temperature across the week was 0.7 0C above normal. Minimum temperature across the week was 3.0 0C above normal. Agricultural operations like irrigation to wheat and late chickpea crops and emergence stage of summer sowings underway. Harvesting and threshing of early/timely sown chickpea is in progress. Threshing of late pigeonpea underway. Uprooting of cotton stalk from harvested fields is being carried out followed by grazing in harvested fields. Need based plant protection is being undertaken in late chickpea (pod borer). With irrigation facility seed bed preparations are underway for summer groundnut/sesame/sunflower and also cultivation of summer vegetables (okra, cluster bean, cowpea, cucumber and gourd). Ploughing in harvested fields underway. Harvesting of orange (mrig bahar)/guava/papaya/sapota as per maturity of fruits are in progress. Normal sown wheat crop is at milk/dough stage. Late sown (December) wheat crop is at flowering stage/milk stage. Early sown chickpea at harvest stage. Late sown irrigated chickpea is through pod/seed development stage. Safflower/mustard at maturity stage. Orange (mrig bahar)/Guava/papaya/sapota fruits at harvest stage as per maturity. Moderate intensity of pod borer in chickpea was noticed.

Marathwada

        Dry weather prevailed in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 31.5 to 33.7 0C and the minimum temperature ranges from 12.5 to 15.6 0C. Early sown chickpea crop show signs of forced maturity due to low moisture. Agricultural operations like early chickpea is under harvesting process, plant protection measures are being undertaken in rabi crops based on need, irrigation and plant protection measures are underway in rabi crops and vegetables on need bases are in progress. Chickpea crop is in pod development stage to physiological maturity stage. Rabi sorghum is in grain filling stage (Dough stage) to physiological maturity stage. Wheat crop is in milky stage and safflower crop is in grain development stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Madhya Maharashtra

        Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 30.8 0C to 33.4 0C and the average maximum temperature recorded was 32.1 0C (normal 33.8 0C) and the maximum temperature across the week was 1.7 0C below normal. The minimum temperature ranged between 13.0 to 16.6 0C and the average minimum temperature recorded was 14.4 0C (normal 16.5 0C) and the minimum temperature across the week was 2.1 0C below normal. Agricultural operations like harvesting, threshing of rabi season crops. Bird watching operations are going on, plating of suru sugarcane and winnowing and packaging of crop material for transport are in progress. All the crops are in harvesting stage. Moderate intensity of fruit borer in brinjal was noticed.

Andhra Pradesh

         Dry weather prevailed in Andhra Pradesh state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 28.2 to 32.4 0C and minimum temperature ranged between 15.8 to 21.5 0C. Total sown area in the state during rabi season is 18.78 lakh ha. (76%) as against the normal area of 24.63 lakh ha. and normal as on date 22.70 lakh ha. (83%). Agricultural operations like irrigation and plant protection in rabi groundnut is under progress. Paddy crop is at maximum tillering to PI stage, groundnut flowering to pod development, maize crop at cob formation stage, chilli crop is in fruit picking stage. Moderate intensity of sucking pests in groundnut and powdery mildews in blackgram crop was noticed.

Assam

        Dry weather prevailed in Assam state during this week. Daily average maximum temperature was 27.4 0C which was 4.1 below normal and the average daily minimum temperature was 12.6 0C which was 1.1 0C below normal for the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting of rapeseed and mustard and weeding in onion crops are in progress. Pea is at physiological maturity stage, onion is at vegetative stage, radish is at maturity stage, coriander is at flowering stage and potato is at harvesting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed..

Uttar Pradesh

Eastern Uttar Pradesh

     Dry weather prevailed in Eastern region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation in wheat, digging of potato, transplanting of rabi onion, and planting of spring sugarcane crops are in progress. Timely sown wheat is in milking stage and late sown wheat is in emergence stage. Low intensity of rust in pea crop was noticed.

Western Uttar Pradesh           

Dry weather condition prevailed in West Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation in wheat and barley, digging of potato, spray insecticide and pesticide in gram crops are in progress. Wheat is in tillering/ flowering stage, barley is in tillering/ booting stage, pigeon pea is in flowering to podding stage, gram is in branching/flowering stage, pea is in flowering/ podding stage, lentil is in flowering to podding stage, mustard is in flowering stage and vegetables are at flowering to fruiting stage. Light intensity of late blight in potato and pad borer in pea, gram and lentil crop was noticed.

Gujarat

          Dry weather prevailed Gujarat state during the week. The actual average maximum temperature is 0.9 0C lower and minimum temperature is lower in tune of 1.0 0C as compared to their normal values. Agricultural operations like light irrigation in all the crops particularly in wheat, late sown mustard and potato, regularly remove suckers in late tobacco and land preparation for summer crops are in progress. Mustard is in maturing stage, wheat is in milking to dough stage, potato is in flowering/tuber formation stage and maize is at silking stage and gram pod development stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Himachal Pradesh

        Dry weather prevailed in Himachal Pradesh state during this week. The maximum temperature during the week ranged between 18.5 to 23.5 0C and the minimum between 5.5 to 13.0 0C which were above normal by 2.6 to 7.0 0C and 0.2 to 7.0 0C, respectively. Agricultural operations like arrangement of fodder for cattle and dairy animals, thinning and weeding in mustard and wheat crops in the region are in progress. Wheat is at tillering to ear head emergence stage, rapeseed and mustard are at vegetative stage and winter vegetables are at reproductive stage. Low intensity of yellow rust in wheat crop was noticed.

Jammu & Kashmir

             Light rainfall received in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during this week. The maximum temperature remained around normal and ranged from 23.0 to 25.5 0C. The minimum temperature found variable and ranged from 5.4 to 12.0 0C, which is above and below the normal. Agricultural operations like plant protection measures in mustard, weed control measures in late sown wheat crop, application of nitrogen fertilizer (2nd dose) and zinc spray in normal sown wheat crop, top dressing of urea in late sown wheat crop and hoeing and weeding in gram crops are in progress. Early sown wheat is at anthesis stage, normal sown wheat is at flag leaf stage, late sown wheat is at jointing stage, very late sown is at CRI stage, gram is at flowering stage, early sown mustard is at most seed green stage, normal sown mustard is at pod formation stage and field pea is at pod formation stage. Moderate intensity of aphids in mustard crop was noticed.

Jharkhand               

Dry weather prevailed in Jharkhand state during this week. Daily maximum and minimum temperature range between 25.0 to 27.3 ºC and 8.4 to 17.4 ºC, respectively. Agricultural operations like nursery rising of summer rice has been started, cultivation and transplanting of ready seedling of okra, brinjal, Shimla mirch and creeper vegetables of cucurbitaceous like bottle gourd, khira, kakri, sponge gourd, ridge gourd, bitter gourd, sweet gourd and kheksa crops are in progress. Wheat is at ear head, potato is at maturity and pigeon pea is at pod filling stage, field pea is at pod formation/pod hardening and mustard crop is at flowering to post flowering/maturity stage. Late sown pigeonpea is at flowering to pod formation stage. Late sown wheat, pea, chickpea, mustard, linseed and potato is at vegetative to flowering to tuber development stage while somewhere wheat is at crown root initiation to maximum tillering, mustard at flowering to pod formation/hardening stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Kerala

          Dry weather prevailed Kerala state during the week. The maximum temperature ranged from 35.4 to 36.3 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 22.6 to 26.4 0C. Agricultural operations like irrigation, mulching, propping in banana and planting preparation for pepper are in progress. Transplanting stage for third paddy crop in high range zone. Planting stage in ginger. Nursery stage for cardamom and processing stage in coffee. Low intensity of cigar end rot disease, pseudo stem weevil in banana, white flies rugose, white fly & grey blight in coconut, root and stem borer in cashew and blast in rice crop was noticed.

Karnataka

North Karnataka

          Hot and dry weather prevails in the North Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting of pigeonpea, chickpea, sorghum, safflower and plant protection in horticultural crops are in progress. Pigeonpea, chickpea, sorghum and safflower are at maturity to harvesting stage. Chickpea and pigeon pea are at harvesting stage, sorghum is at maturity stage and safflower is in grain filing stage. Moderate intensity of fruit borer in tomato and bacterial blight in pomegranate was noticed.

South Karnataka

           Dry weather prevailed in south Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like post-harvest methods like drying, cleaning, winnowing and storage of harvested rabi crops and plant protection measure in mango is progress. Mango is in flowering to fruit setting/fruit development stage and field bean is in pod maturity to harvesting stage. Low intensity of powdery mildew in mango was noticed was noticed.

Odisha

          Dry weather prevailed in Odisha state during the week. Agricultural operations like intercultural operation and top dressing of summer rice, planting of sugarcane, sowing of summer maize, weeding in onion, intercultural operation in summer groundnut, harvesting of irrigated mustard, transplanting of ragi, harvesting of Bengal gram, pea, pinching of marigold, intercultural operation of summer sunflower, sowing of summer sesame, pruning and top dressing in jasmine, removal of suckers from chrysanthemum, harvesting of potato, plant protection in summer vegetables, planting and pruning of jasmine  and harvesting of medium duration of arhar crops are in progress. Tillering stage of rice, early vegetative stage of sugarcane, seed development stage of Beans, maturity to harvesting stage of potato, maturity stage of medium pigeon pea, maturity stage of mustard, maturity stage of rabi groundnut, seed development stage of rabi sunflower, branching to flowering stage of summer groundnut, seed development stage of rabi maize, fruiting stage of brinjal, tomato okra, cucurbits, cowpea, harvesting stage of turmeric, zinger, colocasia and yam. Seedling stage of summer vegetables. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Punjab

       Dry weather prevailed in Punjab state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 22.2 to 22.6 0C and minimum temperature ranged between 5.2 to 7.0 0C. Agricultural operations like spray of fungicide and insecticide as per recommendations in wheat crops are in progress. Early sown wheat crop is in anthesis to flag leaf stage and late sown mustard at pod filling stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Rajasthan

          Dry weather prevailed in Rajasthan state during this week. The maximum temperature range from 23.6 to 32.5 0C with mean value of 27.4 0C which is 0.5 0C above the normal value. The minimum temperature range from 7.6 to 13.1 0C with mean value of 10.9 0C which is 1.0 0C above the normal value. Agricultural operations like irrigation in wheat, opium poppy, fenugreek, fodder crops (oats, berseem and lucerne), cleaning of irrigation channels, cutting of green fodder are in progress. Wheat is in flag leaf to grain development stage, opium poppy is in flowering stage, fenugreek is in grain development stage and mustard is in seed development stage. Low intensity of aphids in mustard crop was noticed..

Tamil Nadu

          Dry weather prevailed in Tamil Nadu state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 0.5 0C below normal and the minimum temperature was 1.2 0C above normal. Agricultural operations like spraying of pesticide and harvesting of crops are in progress. Rice is in dough to harvest stage, chillie is in flowering to fruiting stage, banana is in bunch development stage and sugarcane is in grand growth stage. Moderate intensity of earhead bug rice fruit borer chilies bollworm cotton top borer sugarcane die back, canker citrus was noticed.

Uttarakhand

           Dry weather prevailed in Uttarakhand state during this week. Agricultural operations like poly tunnel as well as nursery bed preparation for tomato, brinjal, capsicum. Field preparation for early sowing of potato. weeding and hoeing in wheat, barley, lentil, pea & mustard followed by broadcasting/top dressing of urea @1.0 kg per nali in wheat and pulses. Spray of neem oil @5.0 ml/ liters of water for the control of aphid in mustard, if observed. Marketing of vegetable crops like cabbage, cauliflower, radish, turnip & carrot. Training & pruning in temperate fruit orchards followed by application of chaubattia paste, immediately. Planting of temperate fruit plants with pollinizers & covering them with dry grass to preserved soil moisture and marketing of citrus fruits from orchard in progress. Most of rabi crops are in seedling & growth stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

West Bengal

         Dry weather prevailed in West Bengal state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 29.6 to 31.2 0C and minimum temperature ranges from 14.5 to 17.3 0C. Agricultural operations like harvesting operations for winter vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, radish, beetroot, brinjal, intercultural operation in mustard, top dressing of nitrogenous fertilizer and weeding operation in wheat, earthing up, weeding and irrigation in potato, sweet potato, planting as well as previous year crop harvesting of banana, sowing started for sunflower and transplanting started in boro rice crops are in progress. Boro rice is in seedling to tillering stage, vegetables and all gourds are in vegetative and fruiting stage, chilli is in vegetative stage, sugarcane is in maturity stage, cabbage and cauliflower are in flowering to maturity stage and potato and mustard are at flowering to siliquae stage. Low intensity of foliage feeding insect in okra was noticed.

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