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Daily Weather Report

Date:- 28 th March 2017

Western Disturbance and associated weather:
  • Moderate to strong surface winds continue to prevail very likely over Indo Gangetic plains during next 48 hours. Maximum temperature very likely to rise by 1-2 0C over parts of plains of northwest India and adjoining central India during next 2 days. Heat wave very likely to continue at a few places over Rajasthan and at isolated places over Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat during next 2days. Heat wave also likely to develop at isolated places over north Madhya Maharashtra and Vidarbha during next 24 hours.

  • Yesterday heat wave conditions were observed at many places over West Rajasthan; at a few places over East Rajasthan & Gujarat region and at isolated places over West Madhya Pradesh and Saurashtra & Kutch.
  • Warm night conditions are also observed at a few places over West Rajasthan & Gujarat region and at isolated places over Saurashtra & Kutch.
  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.

    Main weather observations :
    • Rain/thundershowers occurred at many places over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; at a few places over Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar, Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

    • Yesterday maximum temperatures > 40.0 0C were observed at most places over Rajasthan, Gujarat region, Vidarbha and Marathwada; at a few places over Saurashtra & Kutch, West Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Maharashtra, Telangana & Rayalaseema and at isolated places over Haryana, East Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and North Interior Karnataka.
    • Maximum temperature departures as on 27.03.2017: Maximum temperatures were markedly above normal ( 5.0 0C or more) at most places over Jammu & Kashmir and West Rajasthan; at many places over Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand; at a few places over Punjab & East Rajasthan; at isolated places over Gujarat; appreciably above normal (3.1 0C to 5.0 0C) at most places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi and Marathawada; at many places over rest Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh; at a few places over West Uttar Pradesh & Madhya Maharashtra and at isolated places over Vidarbha and Konkan & Goa; above normal (1.6 0C to 3.0 0C) at most places over Jharkhand and interior Karnataka; at many places over Telangana and Rayalaseema; at a few places over rest Uttar Pradesh, Odisha & Chhattisgarh and at isolated places over Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya, rest Maharashtra, Gangetic West Bengal & Sikkim and Tamilnadu. They were below normal (1.6 0 C to 3.0 0 C) at a few places over rest Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim.
    • Yesterday, highest maximum Temperature of 44.4 0C recorded at Barmer (West Rajasthan).
    • Minimum temperature departures as on 28.03.2017: Minimum temperatures are markedly above normal (5.0 0C or more) at many places over West Rajasthan; at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat; appreciably above normal (3.1 0C to 5.0 0C) at most places over Uttarakhand; at many places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, East Uttar Pradesh & Bihar; at a few places over West Bengal & Sikkim, Madhya Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and at isolated places over rest Rajasthan, rest Gujarat, Madhya Maharashtra, Marathwada, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Assam & Meghalaya; above normal (1.6 0C to 3.0 0C) at most places over Jharkhand; at many places over Konkan & Goa & Coastal Karnataka; at a few places over West Uttar Pradesh, Vidarbha, rest Andaman & Nicobar Islands and at isolated places over rest Odisha, Kerala and Tamilnadu. They are below normal (1.6 0C to 3.0 0C) at isolated places over rest Chhattisgarh & Coastal Andhra Pradesh and near normal over rest of the country.
      Weather warning for next 5 days :

      28 March (Day 1): Heat wave conditions very likely at a few places with warm night at isolated places over West Rajasthan. Heat wave conditions very likely at a few places over East Rajasthan and at isolated places over Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha and north Madhya Maharashtra. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over Sub Himalaya West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall very likely at isolated places over Arunachal Pradesh, Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya.

      29 March (Day 2): Heat wave conditions very likely at a few places with warm night at isolated places over West Rajasthan. Heat wave conditions very likely at a few places over East Rajasthan and at isolated places over Gujarat and West Madhya Pradesh. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over eastern & northern parts of Bihar, West Bengal, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura. Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Arunachal Pradesh and Assam & Meghalaya.

      30 March (Day 3): Thunderstorm accompanied with squall/hail very likely at isolated places over Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall very likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya. Heavy to very heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya and heavy rain very likely at isolated places over east Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.

      31 March (Day 4): No weather warning..

      01 April (Day 5): Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.

      The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 28 th March to 2 nd April 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from http://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower would occur over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; at a few places over Assam & Meghalaya, Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar, Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. (Fig. 2).

      Agricultural activities :

      Jharkhand

      Weather condition:

      • Dry weather prevailed in Jharkhand state during past few days. Daily maximum and minimum temperatures are ranged between 24.2 to 35.2 0C and 11.1 to 16.3 ºC, respectively.

      Contingency measures

      • Summer Rice: Maintain the water level in transplanted rice and broadcast urea after 25-30 days of transplanting. Before urea broadcasting, weeding is must. Due to previous day’s rain, high humidity prevails in the atmosphere, which is favorable condition for the attack of Blast disease in the crop. The major symptoms of this disease is formation of boat shaped spot having ash colour in the centre and dark brown colour on margin of the spot. As and when this symptoms appear on leaves, immediately spray the crop with the fungicide Tricylazole (Beam) @ 2 gm per liter of water.
      • Wheat: In crop field, collect the weeds of flairs minor and loose smut affected ear-head (in which ear-head converted into black loose powder and does not bear any grain) in a polythene bag and burn it. This operation facilitates the quality of produce and is beneficial for those farmers who will use the product as a seed during the next year.
      • Vegetable: After digging of potato, vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, bhindi, tomato, chilly etc. may be grown in the same field. Spray bio insecticide like Halt, Delfin or Biolep @ 1.5 gm per litre of water in Brinjal and Bhindi against fruit borer and in Cauliflower and Cabbage against white fly insect. Control the attack of pumpkin beetle immediately in cucurbitaceous plant. The development stage of these insects takes place in the soil of the field and thereafter adult insects climbs on plant and sucks the sap of the leaves. Hence, wet the soil near the root zone of the plant with the insecticide Chlorpyriphos (4 ml. per liter of water) and also spray the same insecticide on plant @ 2 ml. per liter of water. In absence of the insecticide, broadcast the wood ash mixed with kerosin oil on the plant in the morning time. But, if the plants are at fruiting stage, spray neem based insecticide like Achook/Mimerin/Nimatin/ Nimesidin etc. @ 5 ml per liter of water. Those cucurbitaceous vegetables have achieved vigorous growth needs support, so that leaves and fruits of the plant remain untouched with soil.
      • Mango & Litchi: Irrigate the fruit bearing trees at regular interval. Spray Planofix @ 5 ml per 10 litre of water to check dropping of tiny fruits.

    Figure-1. Latest available satellite picture as on 28 th March 2017 at 02:30 Hrs. (IST)

    Figure-2. Precipitation forecast for 28 th March to 02 nd April 2017 (IST)(Source: NOAA /NCEP)

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Weekly Weather Report

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Weekly Weather Report

Week No: 12

Weather summary during the week - 16th to 22nd March 2017

Thunderstorm/Thundersquall

  • Rain / thunderstorms occurred at many places over northeastern states and Gangetic West Bengal; at a few places over Punjab, Rajasthan and north Madhya Pradesh; and at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands, SubHimalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, East Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Kerala on one or two days during the week.
  • Thunderstorm accompanied with squall / hail occurred at a few places over Kerala; and at isolated places over Madhya Maharashtra, Telangana, Rayalaseema, Coastal & North Interior Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Lakshadweep on one or two days during the week.

Maximum Temperature

  • Maximum temperatures were markedly below normal to appreciably below normal over Sub-Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim on many days; and over Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura, Gangetic West Bengal. Jharkhand, Bihar and East Rajasthan on one or two days. These were below normal over Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha and Chhattisgarh on one or two days during the week.
  • Maximum temperatures rose over northwest India during the latter half of the week and were markedly above normal to appreciably above normal on one or two days over Uttarakhand, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan.
  • In the plains of the country the highest maximum temperature of 42.0 0C was recorded at Bhira (Maharashtra) on 20th & 22nd March, 2017.

Meteorological Analysis

  • Last weeks Western Disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation over central parts of Afghanistan & neighbourhood lay centred over north Pakistan & neighbourhood upto 3.1 km above mean sea level on 16th; over Jammu & Kashmir and neighbourhood on 17th; and over northeast Jammu & Kashmir on 18th and moved away east-northeastwards thereafter.
  • A trough ran from northeast Rajasthan to Gujarat region upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 16th; from northeast Madhya Pradesh to North Interior Karnataka between 0.9 km & 1.5 km above mean sea level on 17th; from east Bihar to north Tamilnadu across Gangetic West Bengal, south Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh on 18th; from the cyclonic circulation over East Madhya Pradesh & neighbourhood to south Tamilnadu across Vidarbha, Telangana and Rayalaseema upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 19th; and from the cyclonic circulation over northern parts of West Bengal & neighbourhood to interior Tamilnadu across interior Odisha, Telangana and Rayalaseema on 20th. It became less marked on 21st.
  • Last weeks upper air cyclonic circulation over North Interior Karnataka & neighbourhood lay centred over North Interior Karnataka and adjoining south Madhya Maharashtra & Marathawada upto 0.9 Km above mean sea level on 16th; and merged with the trough from northeast Madhya Pradesh to North Interior Karnataka on 17th.
  • A trough ran from Sub Himalayan West Bengal to south Odisha across Gangetic West Bengal upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 16th; from Sub Himalayan West Bengal to Gangetic West Bengal on 17th and became less marked on 18th..
  • A feeble Western Disturbance as a trough in midtropospheric westerlies ran roughly along longitude 58.0 0E and north of latitude 35.0 0N on 18th. It was seen as an upper air cyclonic circulation over Jammu & Kashmir and neighbourhood at 3.1 km above mean sea level with trough aloft running roughly along longitude 68.0 0E and north of latitude 35.0 0N on 19th and moved away eastnortheastwards on 20th.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay centred over southeast Rajasthan & adjoining West Madhya Pradesh upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 18th & 19th. It became less marked on 20th.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay centred over northern parts of West Bengal & neighbourhood upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 19th; persisted and extended upto1.5 km above mean sea level on 20th and laid over northern parts of Bangladesh and adjoining SubHimalayan West Bengal upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 21st & 22nd.
  • Another western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation lay centred over northwest Pakistan & adjoining Afghanistan upto 3.1 km above mean sea level on 20th; over north Pakistan and neighbourhood on 21st; and over north Pakistan and adjoining Jammu & Kashmir on 22nd.
  • A trough in midtropospheric westerlies with its axis at 5.8 km above mean sea level ran roughly along longitude 45.0 0E and north of latitude 20.0 0N on 21st; and roughly along longitude 50.0 0E and north of latitude 25.0 0 N on 22nd.
  • A trough in lower level easterlies ran from Lakshadweep area to north Coastal Andhra Pradesh across Interior Karnataka at 1.5 km above mean sea level on 21st; and from Lakshadweep area to south interior Karnataka and extends upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 22nd.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay centred over Interior Karnataka & neighbourhood and extended upto 1.5 Km above mean sea level on 22nd March 2017.

Average rainfall during the week

  • The All India area weighted rainfall during the week 5.1 mm was -13% below normal (7.4 mm).
  • The subdivision-wise weekly rainfall distribution is presented in Fig.1. Rainfall was L. excess in 13 excess in 2, normal in 3, deficit in 6, L. deficit in 9, and no rain in 3 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

Cumulative Seasonal rainfall (1st March to 22nd March 2017)

  • The cumulative seasonal rainfall during 1st March to 15th March 2017 over the country as a whole was 23.9 mm which is 14 % above to normal rainfall of 20.9 mm.
  • The subdivision-wise seasonal rainfall distribution is presented in Fig. 2. Rainfall was L. excess in 13, excess in 3, normal in 6, deficit in 8, L. deficit in 3 and no rain in 3 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

State-wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal, deficient, scanty and no rainfall during pre monsoon season rainfall (1st March to 22nd March 2017)

  • In the country, 29 % districts received large excess, 29 % districts received excess and 9 % districts normal rainfall during pre-monsoon season so far. However, 12 districts received deficient, 13% districts received large deficient rainfall and 14% districts received no rainfall and 23 districts received no data. (Table-1).

Weekly rainfall departure (%) at different IMD subdivisions (2016)

  • DDuring the week under report 13 Sub-divisions viz.; East Rajasthan, West Rajasthan, Bihar, Marathwada, North interior Karnataka, South interior Karnataka, Coastal Karnataka, Telangana, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Rayalaseema, Kerala, Tamil Nadu & Pondicherry and Lakshadweep received large excess rainfall, 2 Sub-divisions viz.; Sub-Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and Gangetic West Bengal received excess rainfall, 3 Sub-divisions viz.;  Assam & Meghalaya, West Madhya  Pradesh and  Orissa received normal rainfall and remaining 18 Sub-divisions received either deficit/large deficit/no rainfall. (Table-2).

Table 1. State wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal,
deficient, scanty and no rainfall (01.03.2017 to 22.03.2017)

S. NO.

STATES

LE

E

N

D

LD

NR

ND

TOTAL

1

A & N ISLAND(UT)

1

0

0

1

0

1

0

3

2.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

5

3

1

1

3

0

3

16

3.

ASSAM

6

7

5

5

3

0

1

27

4.

MEGHALAYA

1

1

2

2

0

0

1

7

5.

NAGALAND

0

5

0

0

0

0

6

11

6.

MANIPUR

1

0

1

3

0

0

4

9

7.

MIZORAM

4

0

0

0

0

0

5

9

8.

TRIPURA

3

1

0

0

0

0

0

4

9.

SIKKIM

0

0

2

1

0

0

1

4

10.

WEST BENGAL

9

4

3

1

1

1

0

19

11.

ODISHA

15

3

6

1

4

1

0

30

12.

JHARKHAND

0

1

4

1

6

10

2

24

13.

BIHAR

21

2

4

2

4

5

0

38

14.

UTTAR PRADESH

15

6

5

10

17

18

1

72

15.

UTTARAKHAND

0

3

6

3

1

0

0

13

16.

HARYANA

3

0

5

9

4

0

0

21

17.

CHANDIGARH(UT)

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

18.

DELHI

0

1

0

5

1

0

2

9

19.

PUNJAB

0

3

7

4

4

2

0

20

20.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

0

2

6

4

0

0

0

12

21.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

0

3

6

7

2

0

4

22

22.

RAJASTHAN

16

0

0

1

8

8

0

33

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

5

2

1

6

15

22

0

51

24.

GUJARAT

0

0

0

0

0

33

0

33

25.

DNH & DAMAN(UTs)

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

26.

DIU(UT)

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

27.

GOA

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

28.

MAHARASHTRA

5

1

1

2

7

20

0

36

29.

CHHATISGARH

3

1

1

2

5

15

0

27

30.

ANDHRA PRADESH

5

6

2

0

0

0

0

13

31.

TELANGANA

5

0

0

3

2

0

0

10

32.

TAMILNADU

22

0

5

3

0

2

0

32

33.

PONDICHERRY(UT)

1

0

0

1

0

0

2

4

34.

KARNATAKA

19

4

2

3

1

1

0

30

35.

KERALA

12

0

1

0

0

1

0

14

36.

LAKSHADWEEP(UT)

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

TOTAL

178

59

77

81

88

144

33

660

CATEGORYWISE DISTRIBUTION OF DISTRICTS OUT OF THE 625 WHOSE DATA RECEIVED

29%

9%

12%

13%

14%

23%

 

 

 

 

 

>

CATEGORY

NO. OF STATE/UT

L. EXCESS

29

EXCESS

9

NORMAL

12

DEFICIENT

13

L.DEFICIENT

14

NO RAIN

23

NO DATA

 

Crop weather conditions
(19th to 25th March 2017)

The crop weather conditions in different states as reported by the cooperating centers of AICRPAM are as under:

Maharashtra

Vidharbha region

        Dry and hot weather prevailed in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 2.6 0C below normal and the minimum temperature was 2.0 0C below normal. Agricultural operations like need based irrigation are being scheduled to early stage of summer crops and orchards/vegetables. Harvesting and threshing of late chickpea/safflower is in progress. Late sown wheat crop is at physiological maturity stage. Late sown chickpea is at harvest maturity stage. Summer crops (sunflower, groundnut, greengram etc.)/vegetables are at vegetative stage/early reproductive stage. In scattered areas rabi sorghum at grain maturity stage. Orange / Guava/papaya/sapota/lemon fruits at harvest stage as per maturity. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Marathwada region

        Dry Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of Rabi season crops. Bird watching operations are going on, plating of suru sugarcane. Winnowing and packaging of crop material for transport are in progress. All the crops are in harvesting stage. Moderate intensity of bark eating caterpillar in pomegranate was noticed.

Konkan region

         Dry weather prevailed in Konkan region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum and minimum temperature ranged from 31.4 to 34.6 0C and 14.5 to 17.0 0C, respectively. Agricultural operations like harvesting of leafy vegetables, cucurbitaceous and harvesting of cowpea, lablab bean, mustard crops crop are in progress. Mango fruits are in egg size stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Madhya Maharashtra region

        Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of Rabi season crops. Bird watching operations are going on, plating of suru sugarcane. Winnowing and packaging of crop material for transport are in progress. All the crops are in harvesting stage. Moderate intensity of bark eating caterpillar in pomegranate was noticed..

Andhra Pradesh

         Dry weather prevailed in Andhra Pradesh state during this week. No large change in both maximum and minimum temperatures. The highest maximum temperature of 39. 0C was recorded at Nandigama, Anantapur, Kurnool and Nandyal. Agricultural operations like harvesting of rabi groundnut crop are in progress. Jowar, Bajra, and Sesamum crops are at flowering to harvesting stage. Groundnut is at pod maturity to harvesting stage. Maize is at cob formation to harvesting stage. Bengal gram is at harvesting stage. Redgram, Greengram and Blackgram crops are at pod maturity to harvesting stage. Chillies are at flowering to fruit formation stage. Paddy is at panicle initiation to milky stage. Low intensity of bud necrosis, bruchid damage in groundnut and sigatoka in banana was noticed

Assam

       Light rainfall received in Assam state during this week. Daily average maximum temperature was 26.3 0C which was 0.8 0C below normal and the average daily minimum temperature was 15.2 0C which was 1.0 0C below normal for the week. Agricultural operations like land preparation/planting of sugarcane, sowing of summer vegetables like as bitter gourd, ash gourd, bottle gourd, mask melon, spine gourd, pointed gourd, cowpea, land preparation and sowing of ginger, sowing of colocasia, sowing of okra crops are in progress. Summer pulses are at planting and sugarcane is in planting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Bihar

        Dry weather prevailed in Bihar state during this week. Maximum temperature ranged from 24.5 to 31.0 0C and the minimum temperature ranged from 9.0 to 15.8 0C. Agricultural operations like sowing of urd, moong, harvesting of and drying of mustard, lentil. Interculturing in onion, sowing of bhindi and summer maize crops are in progress. Summer Maize is in germination stage. Normal sown wheat is in milking to dough stage. Late sown wheat crop is in flowering to milking stage. Maize is in silking stage. Spring planted sugarcane is in germination stage. Mustard is in maturity stage. Lentil is in maturity stage. Broadbean is in pod filling stage. Mango and litchi in flowering stage. Low intensity of aphids in mustard was noticed.

Chhattisgarh

        Dry weather prevailed in Chhattisgarh state during this week. The area (in thousand ha) sown under different crops as on 20.03.2017 are as under: total cereals 407.08 (438.93, 108%), total pulses 913.51 (869.99, 95%), total oilseeds 288.89 (250.42, 87%) and total rabi crops 1830.00 (1767.27, 97%). Agricultural operations like intercultural operations in leafy vegetables (spinach, fenugreek) and chillies, lady finger, brinjal and muskmelon and watermelon are going on. Need based application of insecticides in vegetables against aphids, thrips, fruit and pod borer and other pests. Harvesting in wheat crops are in progress. Mustard in pod formation and maturity stage. Brinjal and tomato are in fruiting stage. Sugarcane is in physiological maturity stage. Wheat crop is in dough and physiological maturity stage. Mango crop is in flowering/ inflorescence stage. Field pea, gram and lentil crops are in pod formation and grain filling stage. Safflower, mustard, linseed, toria are in pod formation stage. Solanaceous vegetables are at flowering/fruiting stage while crucifers are at head formation stage. Moderate to low intensity of fruit borer and white fly leaf curling in solanaceous vegetables crops were noticed.

Uttar Pradesh

Eastern Uttar Pradesh

     Dry weather prevailed in East Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during this week. Agricultural operations like harvesting of chickpea, pigeon pea and mustard just started, transplanting of rabi onion and sowing of spring sugarcane, moong and zaid vegetables crops are in progress. Transplanting of rabi onion, irrigation in sugarcane, onion and vegetables and late sown wheat. Light intensity of fruit borer in brinjal and bhunga in mango was noticed.

Western Uttar Pradesh           

Dry weather condition prevailed in West Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation in wheat, harvest mature barley, watch the insect and pests in pigeon pea, gram and pea. Harvesting of matured crops like lentil, mustard, brinjal / chillies and plucking are in progress. Wheat is at anthesis/ milking/ dough stage, barley is at dough/ maturity stage, pigeon pea is at pod filling, gram is at maturity stage, pea, lentil and mustard are at maturity stage. Light intensity of pod borer in pigeonpea and gram crop was noticed.

Gujarat

          Dry weather prevailed in Gujarat state during the week. The actual average maximum temperature is 1.5 0C and minimum temperature is 4.5 0C lower as compared to their normal values. Agricultural operations like irrigation in all the summer crops and harvesting of timely sown tobacco crops are in progress. Sowing of summer crops, emergence to seedling stage of summer crops. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Himachal Pradesh

        Dry weather prevailed in Himachal Pradesh state during this week. The maximum temperature during the week ranged between 20.5 to 27.0 0C and the minimum temperature from 8.5 to 15.5 0C which were above normal by 0.6 to 6.6 0C and 1.6 to 3.3 0C respectively. Agricultural operations like arrangement of fodder for cattle and dairy animals. Weeding work is under progress in wheat and mustard crops in the region. Sowing of summer vegetables is under progress. Wheat is at ear head to to grain filling stage. Rapeseed/Mustard is at flowering to pod formation stage and winter vegetables are at reproductive stage. Low intensity of yellow rust in wheat crop was noticed.

Jammu & Kashmir

             Dry weather prevailed in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during this week. The maximum temperatures remained above normal by 1.0 0C and ranged from 27.0 to 30.6 0C. The minimum temperature remained variable and ranged from 9.5 0C to 15.0 0C. Agricultural operations like transplanting of tomato, brinjal and chilly crop nursery to field site, harvesting and threshing of early sown mustard in rainfed condition, plant protection measures in wheat, late sown mustard and gram crops are in progress. Normal sown wheat is at milking stage. Late sown wheat is at flag leaf stage. Early sown mustard is at maturity stage. Normal sown mustard is at most seed green. Early sown wheat is at hard dough stage. Field pea is at pod formation stage. Moderate intensity of yellow rust in wheat crop was noticed.

Jharkhand               

Dry weather prevailed in Jharkhand state during the week. Daily maximum and minimum temperature range between 24.2 to 35.2 ºC and 11.1 to 16.3 ºC, respectively. Agricultural operations like summer moonbeam cultivation is carrying on, transplanting of papaya is going on where having assured limited irrigation and preparation for the harvesting of mustard and pigeonpea crops are in progress. Summer rice is at maximum tillering to panicle initiation stage while, wheat is at maturity stage. Summer vegetables are at stem elongation to flowering stage. Sowing and transplanting of summer vegetables are going on and somewhere at vegetative elongation stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Kerala

          Dry weather prevailed Kerala state during the week. The maximum temperature ranged from 35.0 to 38.4 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 24.5 to 25.1 0C. Agricultural operations like irrigation, mulching, propping in banana and shading in pepper are in progress. Third paddy crop is in panicle initiation stage, land preparation for ginger turmeric and cardamom and coffee is in flowering stage. Low intensity of stem borer, leaf roller in paddy, rhinoceros beetle in coconut, leaf eating caterpillar in vegetables, sucking pest & pollu beetle in pepper and pseudo stem weevil in banana was noticed.

Karnataka

North Karnataka

         Hot and dry weather prevails in the North Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting of chickpea, sorghum, safflower and wheat crops are in progress. Sorghum and safflower are at harvesting stage. Grapes are in harvest and post-harvest raisin making stage. Moderate intensity of sucking pests in tomato was noticed.

South Karnataka

           Dry weather prevailed in south Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like providing irrigation in mango fruits are in marble stage, this will helps for the better development of fruits and remove the half cut stubbles of pigeon pea from their field are in progress. Mango is in fruit setting stage to fruit development stage. Low intensity of powdery mildew in mango was noticed was noticed.

Odisha

          Dry weather prevails in the Odisha state during the week. Agricultural operations like plant protection in summer rice, plant protection, top dressing in sugarcane, sowing of summer maize, harvesting of onion, plant protection of summer groundnut, plant protection of ragi, pinching of marigold, plant protection of summer sunflower, sowing of summer sesame, plant protection in jasmine and summer vegetables, planting and pruning of tuberose crops are in progress. Flowering stage of summer rice Intercultural operation of sugarcane? Pod development stage of cow pea Maturity stage of medium pigeon pea Maturity stage of late rabi sunflower Flowering to pod development stage of summer groundnut Flowering stage of summer sunflower Seed development stage of rabi maize Fruiting stage of brinjal, okra, cucurbits, cowpea Seedling stage of summer pulses Harvesting stage of turmeric, zinger, colocasia and yam Harvesting stage of yam Low intensity of brown spot, bacterial leaf blight, leaf folder/case worm, gul midge, sheath blight and brown plant hopper in paddy was noticed.

Punjab

       Dry wweather prevailed in Punjab state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 27.4 to 28.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged between 12.6 to 14.8 0C. Agricultural operations like irrigation hoeing and weeding in wheat crops are in progress. Wheat is in grain development stage and mustard in pod filling stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed..

Rajasthan

          Heavy hailstorms damaged crops in Jaisalmer on Saturday, with the district witnessing heavy rainfall in Pokaran, Mohangarh, Nachna canal area and other parts. Similar swing in the weather was witnessed in Jodhpur and nearby areas on Saturday evening following hailstorm and rains, which dealt a blow to standing crops. The shift in weather brought down the temperature in Rajasthan state during this week. The maximum temperature range from 31.0 to 36.4 0C with mean value of 34.1 0C which is 1.5 0C above the normal. Minimum temperature ranged from 10.5 to 14.0 0C with mean value of 13.5 to 17.0 0C with mean value of 15.1 0C which is 1.1 0C above the normal. Agricultural operations like harvesting of and early sown wheat, irrigation in late sown wheat, bersem and lucerne. Incisions in opium popy. Irrigation in summer vegetables crops are in progress. Early sown wheat is at maturity stage, late sown wheat at grain development to dough stage. Opium poppy is at incisions stage. Barley is at maturity stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Tamil Nadu

          Dry weather prevailed in Tamil Nadu state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 1.6 0C above normal and the minimum temperature was 1 0C above normal. Agricultural operations like spraying of pesticide and harvesting of crops are in progress. Chillies are in flowering to fruiting stage. Rice is in vegetative to maximum tillering stage. Cotton is in boll formation stage. Banana is in bunch development stage. Sugarcane is in vegetative to grand growth stage. Guava is in fruiting stage. Bhendi and brinjal are in fruiting stage. Moderate intensity of leaf folder in rice, thrips and fruit rot in chillies, early shoot borer and top borer in sugarcane, stem weevil in cotton, wilt in guava and fruit borer in bhindi and brinjal was noticed.

Uttarakhand

           Dry weather prevailed in Uttarakhand state during this week. Gradually increase in day & night temperatures. Agricultural operations like sowing of chetti dhan, jhangora, weeding & hoeing in nursery of walnut, application of FYM in basins of the newly planted temperate fruit trees like apple & peach. Rouging of diseased plants or black ears in wheat & barley, field preparation, FYM, vermicompost & Biofertilizer application for next crops, spray of Metasystox or Rogor for the control of aphid in crops, harvesting of mustard, transplanting of vegetable crops and picking of pea pods are in progress. Most of the rabi crops are in growth & development stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

West Bengal

         Light rainfall received in West Bengal state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 27.8 to 35.0 0C and minimum temperature ranges from 17.0 to 22.6.4 0C, respectively. Agricultural operations like intercultural operation in boro rice, mustard, harvesting operations for winter vegetables like potato, cabbage, cauliflower, radish, beetroot, brinjal, final top dressing of nitrogenous fertilizer and weeding operation in wheat, earthing up, weeding and irrigation in jute, planting as well as previous year crop harvesting of banana and sowing started in sunflower crops are in progress. Boro rice is in active tillering stage, vegetables and spices including Chilli and all gourds are at flowering to fruiting stage (maturity stage), banana is at flowering and fruiting, rabi maize is in maturity stage, radish, brinjal are at harvesting/maturity stage, onion is in seedling stage, potato is in vegetative to tuber bulking stage/ some parts are in maturity stage (early sown). Mustard is at siliqua formation stage, wheat is in milky to dough stage and pulses are at maturity stage. Low intensity of fruit rot in jack and mango was noticed.

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