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Daily Weather Report

Date:- 18th May 2017

Significant Weather Features (IMD) :
  • The Southwest Monsoon has further advanced into some more parts of southeast Bay of Bengal, some parts of eastcentral Bay of Bengal and remaining parts of north Andaman Sea. The Northern Limit of Monsoon (NLM) passes through Lat.5.0°/Long. 80.0° E, Lat. 8.0° N/Long. 87.0° E, Lat. 13.0 °N/ Long. 92.0° E, Maya Bandar and Lat. 16.0° N/ Long. 95.0° E. The NLM, is likely to persist over the same region during next 45 day.

  • Thunderstorm occurred at a few places over Uttarakhand; at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Gangetic West Bengal, East Uttar Pradesh, Saurashtra & Kutch and South Interior Karnataka from 0830 hours of yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today.

  • Yesterday severe heat wave conditions observed at isolated places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh and heat wave conditions observed at isolated places over Odisha, Vidharbha and Tamilnadu.

  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure.1.

    Main weather observations (IMD):
    • Rainfall occurred at most places over Gangetic West Bengal and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; at many places over Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya; at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, West Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Saurashtra & Kutch, interior Karnataka, Tamilnadu & Pudducherry and Kerala

    • Yesterdays Maximum temperatures (46.0°C or more) are observed at Titlagarh 46.5°C; Bhawanipatna 46.2°C and Jharsiguda 46.0°C.

    • Maximum ttemperature departures as on 17.05.2017: Maximum temperatures were appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at many places over Odisha, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu & Pudducherry, Chhattisgarh and Arunachal Pradesh; at a few places over Kerala and Assam & Meghalaya; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at many places over Saurashtra & Kutch, East Madhya Pradesh, Vidharbha, Madhya Maharashtra, Coastal Karnataka, Jharkhand, Gangetic west Bengal and interior Karnataka; at a few places over Gujarat region and Marathwada and at isolated places over Rayalaseema, Telangana and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. They were appreciably below normal (3.1° C to 5.0°C) at many places over Jammu & Kashmir and West Rajasthan and at a few places over Uttar Pradesh and Punjab; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi.

    • Yesterday the highest maximum temperature of 46.5°C recorded at Titlagarh (Odisha).

    • Minimum temperature departures as on 1805.2017: Minimum temperatures are appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at a few places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Odisha and Vidarbha; at many places over Rayalaseema, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and Tamilnadu & Puducherry; at a few places over Gangetic West Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, East Rajasthan, Gujarat state, Telangana and Kerala. They are below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over East Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Gangetic West Bengal; at a few places over Himachal Pradesh and at isolated places over West Rajasthan and near normal over rest parts of the country.

    Weather Warning during next 5 days (IMD :

    • 18 MAY (Day 1): Thunderstorm accompanied with squall and hail very likely at isolated places over Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Bihar. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall very likely at isolated places over Punjab, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal and Odisha. Thunderstorm accompanied with gusty winds very likely at isolated places over Rajasthan, Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, South Interior Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala. Heat wave conditions very likely at a few places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh and at isolated places over Vidharbha, Chhattisgarh, interior Odisha, Telangana, Rayalaseema and Tamilnadu. Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands, West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.
    • 19 MAY (Day 2): Thunderstorm accompanied with squall very likely at isolated places over Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Odisha. Thunderstorm accompanied with gusty winds very likely at isolated places over East Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal, Assam & Meghalaya, South Interior Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala. Heat wave conditions very likely at a few places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh and at isolated places over Vidharbha, Chhattisgarh, interior Odisha, Telangana, Rayalaseema and Tamilnadu.
    • 20 May (Day 3): Thunderstorm accompanied with squall very likely at isolated places over Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Heatwave condition very likely at a few places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh; at isolated places over Telangana and Rayalaseema.
    • 21 May (Day 4): Thunderstorm accompanied with squall and hail very likely at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi and West Uttar Pradesh. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall very likely at isolated places over East Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.  Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
    • 22 May (Day 5): Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  • The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 18th May to 26th May 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from http://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower would occur over over Gangetic West Bengal, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, West Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Saurashtra & Kutch, interior Karnataka, Tamilnadu & Pudducherry, Kerala and North Eastern States. (Fig. 2).

    Agricultural activities :

    Northern Karnataka

    Weather condition:

    • Dry weather prevailed in Northern region of Karnataka state during past few days. Both Maximum and minimum temperatures are above the normal.

    Contingency measures

    • Plant Protection: Partially cloudy condition will prevails at some places and there are chances of light to moderate rainfall at one or two places in the district. Plant protection measures should be taken up carefully mixing adhesive gum in the spray mixtures.
    • Land ploughing: Partially cloudy condition will prevails at some places and there are chances of light to moderate rainfall at one or two places in the district. Taking advantage of the rainfall, ploughing of land should be taken up.
    • Do not burn the crop residue. Use it for compost preparation or for preparing the vermicomposting.
    • Livestock management during summer: the following measures should be adopted to take care of heat stress livestock during summer season. It is advisable to leave the buffaloes in ponds during afternoon hours or sprinkle the cold water 2-3 times a day on the body of the animal to overcome the heat. Apply 4-6 inch thick hay thatch as a roofing material. Water can be used for spraying the floor and roof of shelter periodically during peak hot hours which lowers the temperature and consequently reduces the heat load on animals. Proper ventilation should be maintained for free circulation of air in the sheds.
    • Animals may preferably be grazed during early morning and late evening to avoid exposure to extreme hot conditions and during hot hours, they must be tied and fed in shaded place or under the tree. This will also help in reducing the water requirement. Clean drinking water be provided to animals and water troughs should be regularly cleaned.

    Figure-1. Latest available satellite picture as on 18th May 2017 at 02:30 Hrs. (IST)

    Figure-2. Precipitation forecast for 18th May to 26th May 2017 (IST) (Source: NOAA /NCEP)

    Figure-3. Advance of southwest monsoon (2017) over India

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Weekly Weather Report

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Weekly Weather Report

Week No: 19

Weather summary during the week - 4th May to 10th May 2017

Southwest Monsoon

  • As on 10th May, the forecast synoptic conditions from dynamical models and large scale features indicate that conditions are becoming favourable for the likely advance of the southwest monsoon over south Andaman sea and Nicobar Islands by around 15th May 2017.

Heat Wave

  • Heat wave conditions prevailed at most places over West Rajasthan; at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir; and at isolated places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, southeast Uttar Pradesh; East Madhya Pradesh; coastal areas of Saurashtra & Kutch and over Vidarbha on one or two days during the week.

Maximum Temperature

  • Maximum The highest maximum temperature of 47.2°C was recorded in the plains of the country at Banda (Uttar Pradesh ) on 7th.
  • Other Maximum temperatures (46.0°C or more) were observed at Churu (Rajasthan) 46.1°C on 6th; Jaisalmer & Barmer (Rajasthan) 46.0°C, Nowgong (Madhya Pradesh) 46.1°C, Bikaner (Rajasthan) 46.2°C & Churu (Rajasthan) 47.0°C on 7th; Churu (Rajasthan) 47.0°C, Nowgong (Madhya Pradesh) 46.6°C, Chandrapur (Vidarbha) 46.4°C, Ganganagar (Rajasthan) 46.5°C, Bikaner (Rajasthan) 46.0°C, Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh) 46.0°C & Banda (Uttar Pradesh) 46.0°C on 8th; Churu (Rajasthan) 46.4°C on 9th.

Meteorological Analysis

  • ALast weeks upper air cyclonic circulation over east Assam & neighbourhood became less marked on 4th.
  • Last weeks trough at mean sea level from northwest Rajasthan to southeast Uttar Pradesh across southwest Uttar Pradesh became less marked on 4th.
  • Last weeks upper air cyclonic circulation over Haryana & neighbourhood lay over Haryana & adjoining West Uttar Pradesh extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 4th; and became less marked on 5th.
  • Last weeks feeble Western Disturbance as a trough in mid tropospheric westerlies was seen as an upper air cyclonic circulation over north Pakistan & neighbourhood at 3.1 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft roughly along longitude 72.0°E and north of latitude 32.0°N on 4th. The feeble Western Disturbance became less marked on 5th. However, the trough aloft in mid tropospheric westerlies ran roughly along longitude 74.0°E and north of latitude 35.0°N on 5th and moved away northeastwards on 6th.
  • Last weeks trough in easterlies from Maldives Lakshadweep area to southwest Madhya Pradesh across north Kerala, interior Karnataka, Marathwada and Madhya Maharashtra became less marked on 4th.
  • A trough in mid tropospheric westerlies ran roughly along longitude 80.0°E and north of latitude 15.0°N on 4th.It ran roughly along longitude 90.0°E and north of latitude 25.0°N on 5th and moved away east northeastwards on 6th
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level lay over central parts of Madhya Pradesh on 5th; over northwest Madhya Pradesh & neighbourhood extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 6th; over central Uttar Pradesh & neighbourhood extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 7th; over the same area extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 8th; and over Bihar and adjoining East Uttar Pradesh extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 9th. It became less marked on 10th.
  • A trough ran from the above system to comorin area across Vidharbha, Marathwada, interior Karnataka and interior Tamilnadu extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 5th; from the system to North Interior Karnataka across Vidharbha & Marathwada on 6th; from the system to North Interior Karnataka across interior Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha & Marathawada on 7th and become less marked on 8th7
  • Another upper air cyclonic circulation lay over northwest Rajasthan & neighbourhood extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 7th and it persisted over the same area on 8th.It lay over Haryana & neighbourhood extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 9th & 10th.
  • A fresh Western Disturbance lay as a trough in mid tropospheric westerlies roughly along longitude 65.0°E and north of latitude 32°N on 8th; roughly along Longitude 70.0°E and north of Latitude 32.0°N on 9th; and moved away northeastwards on 10th
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim between 1.5 and 3.1 km above mean sea level on 9th and it persisted on 10th.
  • An east west trough ran from Haryana to west Assam across Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Sub Himalayan West Bengal and extended upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 10th.
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over Assam & Meghalaya and neighbourhood extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 10th.
  • A Western Disturbance as a trough in mid tropospheric westerlies at 5.8 km mean sea level ran roughly along Longitude 62.0°E and north of Latitude 25.0°N on 10th. An upper air cyclonic circulation lay centred over south Coastal Andhra Pradesh & neighbourhood between 1.5 & 3.6 km above mean sea level on 10th.

Average rainfall during the week

  • The All India area weighted rainfall during the week 9.1 mm was 21% below normal (11.6 mm).
  • The subdivision-wise weekly rainfall distribution is presented in Fig.1. Rainfall was L. excess in 7, excess in 3, normal in 6, deficit in 7, L. deficit in 11 and no rain in 2 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

Cumulative Seasonal rainfall (1st March to 10th May 2017)

  • The cumulative seasonal rainfall during 1st  March to 10th  May 2017 over the country as a whole was 86.2 mm which is 0% above to normal rainfall of 86.0 mm. .
  • The subdivision-wise seasonal rainfall distribution is presented in Fig. 2. Rainfall was L. excess in 1, excess in 4, normal in 10, deficit in 12, L. deficit in 9 and no rain in 0 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

State-wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal, deficient, scanty and no rainfall during pre monsoon season rainfall (1st March to 10th May 2017)

  • In the country, 7% districts received large excess, 13% districts received excess and 20% districts normal rainfall during pre-monsoon season so far. However, 23 districts received deficient, 23% districts received large deficient rainfall and 14% districts received no rainfall and 0 districts received no data. (Table-1).

Weekly rainfall departure (%) at different IMD subdivisions (2017)

  • During the week under report 7 Sub-divisions viz.; Bihar, Konkan & Goa, Madhya Maharashtra, Telangana, North Interior Karnataka, South Interior Karnataka, and Lakshadweep received large excess rainfall, 3 Sub-division viz.; East Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Coastal Karnataka received excess rainfall, 6 Sub-divisions viz.; Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Sub-Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Chhattisgarh, Vidarbha and Tamil Nadu & Puducherry received normal rainfall and remaining 20 Sub-divisions received either deficit/large deficit/no rainfall. (Table-2).

Table 1. State wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal,
deficient, scanty and no rainfall (01.03.2017 to 10.05.2017)

S. NO.

STATES

LE

E

N

D

LD

NR

ND

TOTAL

1

A & N ISLAND(UT)

0

0

2

1

0

0

0

3

2.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

2

6

4

1

0

0

3

16

3.

ASSAM

5

13

8

0

0

0

1

27

4.

MEGHALAYA

2

2

0

1

0

0

2

7

5.

NAGALAND

1

1

2

1

0

0

6

11

6.

MANIPUR

1

2

1

0

0

0

5

9

7.

MIZORAM

0

3

0

1

0

0

5

9

8.

TRIPURA

1

3

0

0

0

0

0

4

9.

SIKKIM

0

1

2

0

1

0

0

4

10.

WEST BENGAL

1

6

7

5

0

0

0

19

11.

ODISHA

2

1

6

14

6

1

0

30

12.

JHARKHAND

0

1

1

5

13

2

2

24

13.

BIHAR

9

9

8

5

6

1

0

38

14.

UTTAR PRADESH

2

1

9

24

26

10

0

72

15.

UTTARAKHAND

0

4

4

4

1

0

0

13

16.

HARYANA

0

0

3

7

11

0

0

21

17.

CHANDIGARH(UT)

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

18.

DELHI

1

2

0

1

4

0

1

9

19.

PUNJAB

0

0

5

11

4

0

0

20

20.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

0

0

9

3

0

0

0

12

21.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

3

6

7

2

0

0

4

22

22.

RAJASTHAN

6

3

6

0

11

7

0

33

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

2

1

2

3

21

22

0

51

24.

GUJARAT

0

0

0

0

1

32

0

33

25.

DNH & DAMAN(UTs)

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

26.

DIU(UT)

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

27.

GOA

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

28.

MAHARASHTRA

0

1

1

3

14

17

0

36

29.

CHHATISGARH

0

1

2

1

8

15

0

27

30.

ANDHRA PRADESH

0

1

2

7

3

0

0

13

31.

TELANGANA

0

0

1

5

4

0

0

10

32.

TAMILNADU

3

6

8

7

6

2

0

32

33.

PONDICHERRY(UT)

1

0

0

0

1

0

2

4

34.

KARNATAKA

3

5

6

4

12

0

0

30

35.

KERALA

1

1

8

3

1

0

0

14

36.

LAKSHADWEEP(UT)

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

TOTAL

44

79

126

145

146

89

31

660

CATEGORYWISE DISTRIBUTION OF DISTRICTS OUT OF THE 625 WHOSE DATA RECEIVED

7%

13%

20%

23%

23%

14%

 

 

 

 

 

>

CATEGORY

NO. OF STATE/UT

L. EXCESS

7

EXCESS

13

NORMAL

20

DEFICIENT

23

L.DEFICIENT

23

NO RAIN

14

NO DATA

 

Crop weather conditions
(7th to 13th May 2017)

The crop weather conditions in different states as reported by the cooperating centers of AICRPAM are as under:

Maharashtra

Vidharbha region

        Dry prevailed in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 0.9°C above normal and the minimum temperature was 0.3°C above normal. Highest maximum temperature was 46.4°C at Chandrapur on 09th May 2017. Agricultural operations like summer ploughing (tractor) operations are underway in current fallow fields. Need based irrigation is being scheduled to summer crops/vegetables and also to orchards. Irrigation and basin mulching of established and new fruit plantations are in progress. Harvesting of orange (remaining mrig bahar), hasta bahar in acid lime and also guava/papaya/sapota as per maturity of fruits in progress. Maintenance work of farm pond, contour / drainage lines in fields are being carried out. Summer crops (sunflower, groundnut etc.)/vegetables are through reproductive stage (groundnut-pod development stage, summer sunflower and green gram at seed/grain development stage. Fruit bearing stage in mango, mriga bahar fruits in mandarin and sweet orange, hasta bahar in acid lime and sapota are at harvest stage as per maturity of fruits. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Marathwada region

        Dry weather prevailed in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state during this week. Maximum temperature ranges from 40.6 to 43.4˚C and minimum temperature ranges from 19.5 to 23.6˚ C. Agricultural operations like land preparation for kharif season is in progress. Mulching in newly planted fruit orchard, irrigation to summer groundnut, vegetable and fruit crops are in progress. Summer groundnut is at pod development to pod maturity stage, Vegetable crops are at vegetative to fruit development stage and Mango is at fruit harvesting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Konkan region

         Dry weather prevailed in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state during this week. Maximum temperature ranges from 33.6 to 35.0˚C and minimum temperature ranges from 21.8 to 26.0˚C, respectively. Agricultural operations like harvest of mangos are in progress. Mango is at ripening stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Madhya Maharashtra region

        Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 40.0 to 42.0 oC and the average maximum temperature recorded was 40.9 oC (normal 40.5 oC) and the maximum temperature across the week was 0.4 oC above normal. The minimum temperature ranged between 22.2 to 26.7 oC and the average minimum temperature recorded was 24.3 oC (normal 24.5 oC) and the minimum temperature across the week was 0.2 oC below normal. Agricultural operations like irrigation application in summer vegetables, summer groundnut and cucurbitaceous crops. need based application of insecticides in vegetables and fruits against aphids, thrips, fruit and pod borer and other pests. summer deep ploughing are in progress. Summer vegetables are in vegetative/flowering stage summer pulses are in seedling stage and sugarcane is at grand growth phase. Low intensity of anthracnose in mango and powdery mildew in cucurbits were noticed

Andhra Pradesh

         Dry weather prevailed in Andhra Pradesh state during this week. The highest maximum temperature of 42.0 ˚C was recorded at Kurnool. Agricultural operations like removing of stubbles from the field and summer ploughing are in progress. Low intensity of blast, and sheath blight in paddy was noticed.

Assam

       Light rainfall received in Assam state during this week. Daily average maximum temperature was 28.8 oC which was 0.2 oC below normal and the average daily minimum temperature was 21.2 oC which was 0.3 oC below normal for the week. Agricultural operations like weeding of ahu rice in direct seeded crop. sowing/planting of summer vegetables crops are in progress. Summer pulses (Green gram and Black gram) are at seedling stage, Direct seeded Ahu rice is in vegetative stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Bihar

        Thunderstorm coupled with rain lashed at different parts of Bihar state during this week. Maximum temperature ranged from 26.0 to 34.5°C and the minimum from 19.5 to 25.5°C, respectively. Agricultural operations like sowing of green manure crop, irrigation in vegetable and preparation of land for kharif sowing are in progress. Mango and litchi are in maturing stage. Sugarcane, onion, sunflower green and black gram and summer vegetables are in vegetative stage. Green Manuring crop, sunhemp and dhaicha are being sown. Elephant foot yam being sown. Fodder crops like jowar, bajra and maize are in germination stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Chhattisgarh

        Dry weather prevailed in Chhattisgarh state during this week. Agricultural operations like Sowing of summer crops and harvesting of rabi crops are going on. Intercultural operations in vegetables are going on. Need based application of insecticides in vegetables against aphids, thrips, fruit and pod borer and other pests. Preparations for plantations of orchard / fruit trees going on are in progress. Summer rice is at milking stage. 2. Sesame is in physiological maturity stage.  Sugarcane is in physiological maturity and harvesting stage. Flowering and fruiting in mango crop has been going on.  Solanaceous vegetables are at fruiting stage while crucifers are at physiological maturity stage. Moderate to low intensity of fruit borer and white fly leaf curling in solanaceous vegetables crops were noticed.

Uttar Pradesh

Eastern Uttar Pradesh

     Dry weather prevailed in East Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during this week. Heat waves are experiencing since last one week. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of wheat crop in all the region. irrigation in sugarcane, moong/urd and zaid and zaid vegetables and intercultural operation on under optimum moisture in vegetables crops are in progress. Wheat crop just harvested, onion is in maturity stage while sugarcane, moong etc. are in vegetative stage. Light intensity of bhunga in mango was noticed.

Western Uttar Pradesh           

Partial cloudy weather prevailed in West Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like threshing, winnowing and storing of wheat, barley, gram, pea, lentil, mustard and irrigation and weeding in sunflower and vegetable crops are in progress. Zaid Urd and moong are in flowering/ podding stage and vegetables are in flowering to fruiting stage. Light intensity of thrips in moong and urd crop was noticed

Gujarat

          Dry weather prevailed in Gujarat state during the week. The actual average maximum temperature is 1.9 oC and minimum temperature is 1.4 oC higher as compared to their normal values. Agricultural operations like irrigation in all the summer crops and weeding and inter-culturing in summer are in progress. Vegetative growth stage of summer crops. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Haryana

       Light rainfall received in Haryana state during the week. Maximum and minimum temperatures are above normal. Agricultural operations like tillage operation in open field and preparation of land for the rice nursery and preparation of land started sowing of pigeon pea/arhar crops are in progress. Emergence to three to four leaves in cotton crop and vegetative stage of moong. Emergence to seedling stage of summer crops and vegetative growth stage of summer crops. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Jammu & Kashmir

             Mainly clear weather prevailed in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during this week. The maximum temperature remained above normal by 2 to 3 0C and was in the range of 37.5 to 42.00C. While minimum temperatures remain variable and ranged from 18.0 to 23.80C. Agricultural operations like hoeing and weeding in summer pulses, irrigation in  green manuring ,summer pulses, summer fodder, vegetable and fruit plants. Plant protection measures in vegetable crop. Application of FYM in fallow fields. Storing of rabi crop seeds for the next season are in progress. Summer pulses is at vegetative stage. Summer fodder is at vegetative stage. Late  sown wheat is at Physiological maturity stage. Summer okra is at fruiting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Jharkhand               

Hot weather existed in Jharkhand state during the week. Daily maximum and minimum temperature range between 38.4 to 42.2 ºC and 20.3 to 21.5 ºC, respectively. Agricultural operations like threshing of wheat, gram ,lentil etc. Weeding in moong, hoeing in maize and irrigation in vegetables and fruit trees are in progress. Flowering stage in moong. Silking stage in maize. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Kerala

         Light rainfall received in Kerala state during the week. Both maximum and minimum temperatures are ranged between 35.3 to 36.9 ºC and 22.6 to 26.6 ºC, respectively.  Agricultural operations like irrigation and fertilizer application in plantation and orchards are in progress. First paddy crop is in harvesting stage. Low intensity of red palm weevil in coconut, pseudo stem weevil in banana and wilting in black pepper was noticed.

Madhya Pradesh         

Heat wave conditions prevailed in Madhya Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like summer deep ploughing on a fallow field, soil testing in the fallow field, weed control in moong/urd, irrigation interval shortens in moong/urd, whitefly control in moong, irrigation in vegetables and fruit crops and insecticide spray for controlling of fruit borer in solanaceous crops are in progress. Moong/Urd are in vegetative stage, mango, pomegranate, and citrus are at fruit development stage and banana is at fruit picking stage. Low intensity of fruit borer in tomato and whiteflies in moong crop was noticed.

Karnataka

South Karnataka

           Light rainfall received in south Karnataka region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like land preparation for sowing of early sowing of agricultural crops. Application tank silt to crop field is progress. Summer plough is under progress. Take up land preparation and strengthen the bund with fodder grass which will facilitate conservation of rainwater due to pre-monsoon showers. Ploughing across the slope will make insitu soil moisture conservations are in progress. Mango is in fruit ripening to harvesting stage. Low intensity of fruit fly in mango was noticed was noticed.

Odisha

          Light rainfall received in Odisha state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation to paddy and non-paddy crops, harvesting of summer rice, sowing of jute land preparation for planting of zinger and turmeric, top dressing of sugarcane, plant protection of summer pulses and sesame. Harvesting of summer groundnut, planting of tube rose, plant protection and harvesting of summer vegetables like cucurbits and okra, plant protection and top dressing of sugarcane, plant protection and harvesting of summer groundnut and pinching of marigold, harvesting of medium duration of arhar and top dressing of sugarcane crops are in progress. Grain filling to maturity stage of summer rice. Tillering stage of sugarcane. Pod to seed development stage of cow pea. Seed development to maturity stage of summer groundnut.  Seed development stage of summer sunflower. Seed development to maturity stage of rabi maize. Fruiting stage of brinjal, okra, cucurbits and cowpea. Vegetative stage of summer pulses. Seedling stage of turmeric and zinger and harvesting stage of yam and flowering stage of summer pulses. Low intensity of brown spot, bacterial leaf blight, leaf folder/case worm, gal midge, sheath blight and brown plant hopper in paddy was noticed.

Punjab

      Dry weather prevailed in Punjab state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 42.2 to 42.6°C and minimum temperature ranged between 23.8 to 28.0 °C. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of mustard and wheat crops are in progress. Wheat is in harvesting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Rajasthan

          Light rainfall observed at isolated places in southern region of Rajasthan state during this week. The maximum temperature was ranged from 40.4 to 41.5 °C with mean value of 40.9 °C which was above normal by 2.5 °C. Minimum temperature ranged from 22.0 to 28.6 °C with mean of 24.3 °C which was above normal by 0.6 °C. Agricultural operations like storage of rabi produce, irrigation in summer crops, summer ploughing are in progress. Maize is at physiological maturity stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Tamil Nadu

          Light rainfall received in Kovilpatti region of Tamil Nadu state during this week. Maximum temperature across the week was 1.3°C above normal and the minimum temperature was 1.6°C above normal. Agricultural operations like spraying of pesticide and harvesting of crops are in progress. Sorghum is in vegetative stage. Cotton is in flowering to boll development stage. Banana is in bunch development stage. Sugarcane is in vegetative to grand growth stage. Guava is in fruiting stage. Bhindi, moringa, mango and brinjal are in fruiting stage. Jasmine is in flowering stage age. Low intensity of stem weevil in cotton, wilt in guava, fruit borer in tomato and budworm in jasmine, fruit fly in mango & moringa and mite in citrus was noticed.

West Bengal

         Light rainfall received in West Bengal state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 34.0 to 38.2 °C and minimum temperature ranges from 20.6 to 27.5°C. Agricultural operations like final phase of harvesting operations in boro rice, intercultural operations as well as application of nitrogen fertilizer for top dressing sesame, jute and sugarcane and intercultural operations in vegetables crops are in progress. Vegetables are at shooting stage. Sesame, Jute and sugarcane are at vegetative stage and mango is at harvesting stage. Low intensity of black tip in mango was noticed.

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