Daily Crop Weather Report

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Daily Weather Report

Date:- 20 th January 2017

Cold Wave/Day and Fog Watch:
  • Dense to very dense fog observed at isolated places over Punjab, north Rajasthan and Delhi; Moderate fog at isolated places over Haryana and West Uttar Pradesh in the morning hours of today. The visibility observed < 25 M at Pilani, Churu & Pantnagar; < 50 M at New Delhi (Palam); < 200 M at Amritsar & Chandigarh during morning hours of today.
  • Cold wave conditions are prevailing at isolated places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi and north Rajasthan.
  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.
    Main weather observations :
    • Rain occurred at most places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands and at isolated places over West Madhya Pradesh. Heavy rainfall occurred at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
    • Minimum temperatures are observed < 5.0°C at most places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and at isolated places over north Rajasthan; < 10.0°C at most places over Uttar Pradesh and Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; at many places over rest Rajasthan, West Madhya Pradesh, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; at a few places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, East Madhya Pradesh and Odisha Tamilnadu
    • Minimum temperature departures as on 20.01.2017: Minimum temperatures are appreciably below normal (3.1° C to5.0°C) at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Assam & Meghalaya and Odisha; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at many places over Telangana; at a few places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh; at isolated places over Himachal Pradesh, West Rajasthan, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi and West Uttar Pradesh. They are appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at many places over East Rajasthan and Tamilnadu; at a few places over Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Coastal Karnataka and Andaman & Nicobar islands; at isolated places over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, northeastern states, Konkan & Goa and Madhya Maharashtra and near normal over rest of the country.
    • The lowest minimum temperature of 0.7°C recorded at Bhatinda (Punjab) in the plains of the country.
    • Maximum temperature departures as on 19.01.2017: Maximum temperature were appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at many places over Sub Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim and Assam & Meghalaya; at isolated places over Himachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Jharkhand; at many places West Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura and Konkan & Goa; at a few places over Uttarakhand, Odisha and Vidarbha; at isolated places over Gangetic West Bengal; Saurashtra & Kutch and Tamilnadu. They were appreciably below normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at a few places over West Madhya Pradesh; at isolated places over Gujarat region and West Rajasthan; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir and East Madhya Pradesh; at isolated places over Punjab, East Uttar Pradesh, south Madhya Maharashtra and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and near normal over rest of the country.
    • The lowest maximum temperature of 15.8°C was recorded at Guna (West Madhya Pradesh) in the plains of the country.
    Weather warning for next 5 days
    • 20 January (Day 1): Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Nicobar Islands.
    • 21 January (Day 2): Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Nicobar Islands.
    • 22 January (Day 3): No weather warning.
    • 23 January (Day 4): No weather warning.
    • 24 January (Day 5): Heavy rain/snow very likely at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.
    • The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 20th to 26th January 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from http://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower would occur over over West Madhya Pradesh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. (Fig. 2).

    Agricultural activities :

    Northern Karnataka

    Weather condition:

    • Dry and cool weather prevailed in Northern part of Karnataka state during past few days. Below normal night temperatures and lower in most part of the region.

    Contingency measures :

    • THarvest: Since dry weather is going to prevail in the district, during the coming five days, harvesting, thrashing and drying of onoin, pigeonpea, chickpea and Chilli may be taken up. After harvest sundry the produce and store.
    • Safflower: To manage, sucking pests, take up spraying of 2 gram Thiamethacom 25 WG or 1 gram Acephate 75 SP or 1.75 ml Dimethoate 30 EC, dissolved in one liter of water. To manage, leaf spot disease, take up spraying of 2 gram Mencozeb 75 WP or 1 ml Hexaconazole dissolved in one liter of water.
    • Cotton: Cotton picking should not be done in the early morning hours since there will be fog. So, picking should be done during bright sunshine hours.
    • Sugarcane: Adopt drip irrigation system to save the water up 40%. If there is shortage of water, irrigation can be given to alternate furrows and alternate furrows alternatively. Hand hoeing and weeding should be done immediately after the harvest of the crop. If, broad leaved weeds are present, a post-emergent spray of 2, 4-D @1kg a.i. /ha.
    • Pomegranate: To manage bacterial blight disease in pomegranate, spray the crop with Streptomycin Sulphate 0.5 g. + Copper oxy-chloride 2 g. + 2 g. Blitox dissolved in one liter water. Then take up spraying of micro nutrients viz., 1 g. Zinc Sulphate + 1 g. Magnesium Sulphate + 1 g. Barax + 1 g. Calcium dissolved in one liter of water.
    • Grape: To manage Downey mildew, take up spraying of 1 ml Azoxysprobin dissolved in one liter of water. To manage Mites, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dicofal or 0.75 ml Spiromeshiphane dissolved in one liter of water. To manage mealy bug, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dichlorovas + 5 ml fish oil dissolved in one liter of water.

    Figure-1. Latest available satellite picture as on 20 th January 2017 at 02:30 Hrs. (IST)

    Figure-2. Precipitation forecast for 20 th to 26 th January 2017 (IST)(Source: NOAA /NCEP)

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Weekly Weather Report

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Weekly Weather Report

Week No: 02

Weather summary during the week - 5th to 12th January 2017

Fog

  • Dense / very dense fog was observed at many places over East Uttar Pradesh during the first half of the week and over Bihar & Tripura on one or two days of the week.
  • Dense to very dense fog was also observed at isolated places over Rajasthan on almost all the days; over Bihar; Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi on a few days; and over Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; Sub-Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; Jharkhand; Uttar Pradesh; Punjab; Himachal Pradesh; Madhya Pradesh and Madhya Maharashtra on one or two days during the week.

Cold Wave

  • Severe cold wave conditions prevailed at isolated places over Punjab and north Rajasthan; and cold wave conditions at a few places over Vidarbha and at isolated places over West Uttar Pradesh; Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi; rest Rajasthan and Saurashtra & Kutch on 11th January.

Cold Day

  • Cold day conditions were observed at isolated places over Punjab; Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi and West Uttar Pradesh on 7th January.

Minimum temperatures

  • Minimum temperatures ≤ 5.0 0C were recorded at most places over Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh on almost all the days; over Uttarakhand on many days; and over Punjab; Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi; Rajasthan and West Uttar Pradesh on one or two days of the week. Minimum temperatures ≤ 10.0 0C over Assam & Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; East Madhya Pradesh on many days, over SubHimalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, West Uttar Pradesh, Punjab; Rajasthan, West Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Maharashtra on a few days; and over Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Haryana, East Uttar Pradesh, Chandigarh & Delhi, Gujarat; Marathawada and Chhattisgarh on one or two days during the week.
  • Minimum temperatures were appreciably below normal to below normal over Konkan & Goa, Madhya Maharashtra and Vidarbha on a few days; and over West Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Telangana and interior Karnataka on one or two days during the week.

Lowest Minimum Temperature

    • Minimum temperatures ≤1.0 0C were recorded at Narnaul (Haryana): 0.5 0C; Churu (West Rajasthan): 0.3 0C; Alwar (East Rajasthan): 0.5 0C; Amritsar (Punjab): 0.9 0C and Bhilwara (East Rajasthan): 1.0 0 C in the plains of the country on 11th January. The lowest minimum temperature of 0.5 0C was recorded at Narnaul (Haryana) on 11th January, 2017.

Meteorological Analysis

  • Last weeks trough in mid & upper troposphere westerlies with its axis at 5.8 km above mean sea level roughly along longitude 90.0 0E and north of latitude 23.0 0N became unimportant on 5th January
  • Last weeks western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation at 3.1 km above mean sea level over north Pakistan and adjoining Afghanistan lay over north Pakistan & neighbourhood on 5th; between 3.1 and 3.6 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft along longitude 65.0 0E and to the north of latitude 25.0 0 N on 6th; over north Pakistan & adjoining Jammu & Kashmir upto 5.8 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft roughly along longitude 72.0 0E to the north of latitude 30.0 0N on 7th; and over Jammu & Kashmir and adjoining north Pakistan upto 4.5 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft roughly along longitude 73.0 0E and north of latitude 32.0 0N on 8th. It moved away eastnortheastwards on 9th January.
  • A western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation lay over northeast Afghanistan & neighbourhood at 3.1 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft along long. 58.0 0E and north of 30.0 0N on 5th. It moved eastwards and merged with the above mentioned western disturbance on 6th January.
  • An induced upper air cyclonic circulation lay over central Pakistan & adjoining West Rajasthan extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 5th. It lay over northwest Rajasthan & neighbourhood and extended upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 6th; over south Haryana & neighbourhood upto 2.1 km above mean sea level on 7th; and over northwest Madhya Pradesh & neighbourhood upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 8th. It became less marked on 9th January. A trough extended from the above induced upper air cyclonic circulation to north Madhya Maharashtra at 0.9 km above mean sea level on 6th and became unimportant on 7th January.
  • Last wee’s trough of low at mean sea level over Sumatra coast & adjoining south Andaman Sea lay as a low pressure area over south Andaman Sea & neighbourhood with associated upper air cyclonic circulation extending upto 7.6 km above mean sea level on 5th. It lay over south Andaman Sea & adjoining Tenasserim coast with associated upper air cyclonic circulation extending upto 5.8 km above mean sea level on 6th; over southeast Andaman Sea & adjoining south Tenasserim coast with associated upper air cyclonic circulation extending upto 7.6 km above mean sea level on 7th; over south Tenasserim coast & neighbourhood with associated upper air cyclonic circulation extended upto 5.8 km above mean sea level on 8th; over Tenasserim & adjoining Andaman Sea with associated upper air cyclonic circulation extending upto 5.8 km above mean sea level on 9th & 10th; and over Tenasserim coast & adjoining north Andaman Sea with associated upper air cyclonic circulation extending upto 3.1 km above mean sea level on 11th January.
  • A feeble western disturbance as a trough in westerlies ran roughly along longitude 62.0 0E and north of latitude 30.0 0N at 3.1 km above mean sea level on 8th. It lay as an upper air cyclonic circulation over north Pakistan & neighbourhood extending upto 3.1 km above mean sea level with a trough aloft roughly along longitude 71.0 0E and north of latitude 32.0 0N on 9th; and over north Pakistan and adjoining Jammu & Kashmir extending upto 5.8 km above mean sea level on 10th. It moved away eastnortheastwards on 11th January.
  • A trough in westerlies ran roughly along longitude 90.0 0E and north of latitude 24.0 0N at 3.1 km above mean sea level on 8th; and roughly along longitude 92.0 0E and north of latitude 25.0 0N at 3.1 km above mean sea level on 9th. It became less marked on 10th January
  • An upper air cyclonic circulation lay over north Madhya Pradesh & neighbourhood extending upto 1.5 km above mean sea level on 9th; over Chhattisgarh and neighbourhood on 10th; and over south Odisha & neighbourhood extending upto 0.9 km above mean sea level on 11th January
  • A western disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation lay over north Pakistan & neighbourhood between 3.1 km & 5.8 km above mean sea level on 11th January.

Average rainfall during the week

  • The All India area weighted rainfall during the week 6.5 mm was 63% below normal (4.0 mm).
  • The subdivision-wise weekly rainfall distribution is presented in Fig.1 Rainfall was L. excess in 9 excess in 1, normal in 1, deficit in 1, L. deficit in 12, and no rain in 12 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

Cumulative Seasonal rainfall (1st January to 11th January 2017)

  • The cumulative seasonal rainfall during 1st January to 11th January 2017 over the country as a whole was 7.6 mm which is 31% below to normal rainfall of 5.8 mm.
  • The subdivision-wise seasonal rainfall distribution is presented in Fig. 2. Rainfall was L. excess in 4, excess in 3, normal in 2, deficit in 4, L. deficit in 12 and no rain in 11 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions.

State-wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal, deficient, scanty and no rainfall during post monsoon season rainfall (1st January to 11th January 2017)

  • In the country, 11% districts received L. excess, 3% districts received excess and 4 districts normal rainfall during post monsoon season so far. However, 5 districts received deficient, 11% districts received L. deficient rainfall and 66% districts received no rainfall/ no data. (Table-1)

Weekly rainfall departure (%) at different IMD subdivisions (2016)

  • During the week under report 9 Sub-division Saurashtra, Kutch & Diu West Uttar Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Uttarakhand, Saurashtra, Kutch & Diu West Uttar Pradesh, Saurashtra, Kutch & Diu West Uttar Pradesh Lakshadweep and  Andaman & Nicobar Island received L. excess rainfall, 1 Sub-division viz.; Jharkhand received excess rainfall, 1 Sub-division viz.; East Madhya Pradesh received normal rainfall, and remaining 25 Sub-divisions received either deficit/L. deficit/no rainfall. (Table-2).

Table 1. State wise distribution of number of districts with excess, normal,
deficient, scanty and no rainfall (01.01.2017 to 11.01.2017)

S. NO.

STATES

LE

E

N

D

LD

NR

ND

TOTAL

1

A & N ISLAND(UT)

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

2.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

0

0

1

1

7

3

4

16

3.

ASSAM

0

0

1

0

3

22

1

27

4.

MEGHALAYA

1

0

0

0

1

4

1

7

5.

NAGALAND

0

1

0

1

1

1

7

11

6.

MANIPUR

0

1

0

0

0

2

6

9

7.

MIZORAM

0

0

0

1

0

3

5

9

8.

TRIPURA

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

4

9.

SIKKIM

0

2

0

1

0

0

1

4

10.

WEST BENGAL

0

1

1

2

4

11

0

19

11.

ODISHA

3

1

0

1

6

19

0

30

12.

JHARKHAND

9

0

1

1

2

9

2

24

13.

BIHAR

0

0

0

0

4

34

0

38

14.

UTTAR PRADESH

7

1

4

7

9

43

1

72

15.

UTTARAKHAND

4

3

4

2

0

0

0

13

16.

HARYANA

8

1

1

3

4

4

0

21

17.

CHANDIGARH(UT)

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

18.

DELHI

0

0

1

3

3

1

1

9

19.

PUNJAB

8

2

1

0

2

7

0

20

20.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

9

1

1

1

0

0

0

12

21.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

14

2

0

0

1

1

4

22

22.

RAJASTHAN

0

0

0

0

1

32

0

33

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

1

4

6

1

4

35

0

51

24.

GUJARAT

0

0

0

1

0

32

0

33

25.

DNH & DAMAN(UTs)

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

26.

DIU(UT)

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

27.

GOA

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

28.

MAHARASHTRA

0

0

0

0

3

29

4

36

29.

CHHATISGARH

1

0

3

3

1

19

0

27

30.

ANDHRA PRADESH

0

0

0

0

0

13

0

13

31.

TELANGANA

0

0

0

0

0

10

0

10

32.

TAMILNADU

0

0

0

0

8

24

0

32

33.

PONDICHERRY(UT)

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

4

34.

KARNATAKA

0

0

0

0

0

30

0

30

35.

KERALA

0

0

0

0

1

13

0

14

36.

LAKSHADWEEP(UT)

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

TOTAL

69

20

26

29

66

409

41

660

CATEGORYWISE DISTRIBUTION OF DISTRICTS OUT OF THE 624 WHOSE DATA RECEIVED

11%

3%

4%

5%

11%

66%

 

 

 

 

CATEGORY

NO. OF STATE/UT

L. EXCESS

11

EXCESS

3

NORMAL

4

DEFICIENT

5

L.DEFICIENT

11

NO RAIN

66

Crop weather conditions
( 8th to 14th December 2016)

The crop weather conditions in different states as reported by the cooperating centers of AICRPAM are as under:

Maharashtra

Vidharbha region

        During the week dry and through later half severe cold weather prevailed in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. Maximum temperature across the week was 1.5 0C above normal with a deviation of +0.4 to -4.9 0C from normal. Minimum temperature across the week was 3.3 0C below normal with a deviation of -7.1 to +3.1 0C from normal. In Maharashtra state total rabi sowing stands at 98.8% (54.184 lakh ha) mainly of rabi sorghum (20.585 lakh ha) and chickpea (16.282 lakh ha). Agricultural operations like need based irrigation/weeding and hoeing underway in standing rabi crops. Irrigation/top dressing of N fertilizer to wheat crop underway. Need based plant protection is being undertaken in safflower (aphids)/chickpea (pod borer). Harvesting of orange /guava/aonla as per maturity of fruits in progress. Vegetable cultivation underway during the period. Irrigation and basin mulching of new plantations in progress. Late pigeon pea at maturity stage. November sown wheat crop is at boot stage. Late sown (December) wheat crop is at jointing stage. Early sown rainfed chickpea at pod formation/seed development stage. Late sown irrigated chickpea is through late vegetative phase/flowering. Safflower at rosset/flowering stage. Orange/guava/papaya fruits at harvest stage as per maturity. No major pests/diseases were noticed.

Marathwada

        Dry weather prevailed in Konkan region of Maharashtra state during this week. The Maximum temperature ranges from 24.5 to 30.0 0C and the minimum temperature ranges from 4.1 to 11.0 0C. Agricultural operations like plant protection measures are being undertaken in rabi crops based on need or attack of pests, picking in cotton, irrigation, weeding, hoeing and plant protection measures are in progress. Pigeonpea crop is at physiological maturity stage and harvesting is in progress. Sorghum is in grain filling stage. Rabi crop (Rabi Sorghum, Chickpea, Safflower, Wheat & vegetables like tomato, brinjal) growth is satisfactory. Cotton picking is in progress. Chickpea crop is in pod development stage. No major pests/diseases were noticed.

Konkan region

         Dry weather prevailed in Konkan region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum and minimum temperature ranged from 28.0 to 30.0 0C and 9.5 to 12.0 0C respectively. Agricultural operations like sowing of groundnut, vegetable crop and watermelon is in progress. Seedling stage in lab lab bean, mustard & groundnut are at vegetative flush and flowering of mango. No major pests/diseases were noticed.

Madhya Maharashtra

        Dry weather prevailed in Madhya Maharashtra region of Maharashtra state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 31.1 to 32.0 0C and the average maximum temperature maximum temperature maximum temperature recorded was 31.7 0C (normal 30.3 0C) and the maximum temperature across the week was 1.4 0 0C above normal. The minimum temperature ranged between 11.9 to 14.8 0 0C and the average minimum temperature recorded was 13.2 0C (normal 14.3 0C) and the minimum temperature was across the week is 1.1 0C above normal. Agricultural operations like harvesting and threshing of rabi season crops like sunflower, safflower, jowar, gram and red gram of kharif season crops are in progress. All rabi crops and at maturity stage, ber is at fruiting stage and gram, jowar are in soft dough to hard dough stage. Moderate intensity of helicoverpa in gram, aphids in safflower and ber fruit fly in ber was noticed.

.

Andhra Pradesh

         Dry weather prevailed in Andhra Pradesh state during this week. The total area sown in Andhra Pradesh State up to 14.01.2017 is 16.21 lakh ha. (66%) as against the normal area of 24.63 lakh ha. and Normal as on date 19.57 lakh ha. (83%). Agricultural operations harvesting of kharif castor and redgram, paddy transplantations, in Godavari and penna delta and harvesting of kharif paddy crop are in progress. Jowar, bajra, maize, redgram, greengram, blackgram, Bengal gram, horsegram, groundnut and sesamum crops are at vegetative stage. Redgram crop is at harvesting stage. Chillies and tobacco crops are at vegetative stage. Niger is at flowering stage. Moderate intensity of yellow mosaic virus, pod borer in blackgram and leaf folder, leaf blast in paddy crop was noticed

Assam

        Dry weather prevailed in Assam state during this week. The daily average maximum temperature was 26.1 0C which is 1.8 0C above normal and the average daily minimum temperature was 11.0 0C which is 0.1 0C above normal for the week. Agricultural operations like transplanting boro rice, harvesting of sugarcane, potato, other tuber crops and earthing up and harvesting, other intercultural operations in rabi maize and late planting potato fields are in progress. Potato is in tuber formation in late plantings and maturity in early planting crops. Sugarcane is at maturity and harvesting stages, rabi maize is in cob formation to early maturity stages, rabi vegetables are at maturity / harvesting stages and rapeseed & mustard are at flowering stage to pod formation stage. Low intensity of aphid and sawfly in rapeseed and mustard was noticed.

Bihar

         Dry weather prevailed in Bihar state during this week. Maximum temperature ranged from 18.5 to 24.0 0C against the normal of 22.4 to 22.7 0C. Minimum temperature ranged from 1.5 to 9.0 0C against the normal of 7.5 to 8.3 0C. Cold wave like condition prevailed and it is hampering the normal growth of maize, potato and other pluses crops. Maize leaves have turned yellowish and potato crop has been affected due to late blight disease. Agricultural operations like irrigation in maize and potato, top dressing of urea in wheat and maize, planting of onion and earthing up in potato and maize crops are in progress. Maize is in knee high stage. Wheat is in tillering to booting stage. Late varieties are in tillering stage. Potato is grand growth stage. Early varieties of pigeon pea is in flowering to pod formation stage. Mustard in flowering to silique formation stage. Coriander is in flowering stage. Low intensity in early and late blight in potato, leaf curling in brinjal and alterneria blight in pigeonpea was noticed.

Chhattisgarh

        Dry weather prevailed in Chhattisgarh state during the week. The area (in thousand ha) sown under different crops as on 09.01.2017 are as under: Total cereals 407.08 (238.46, 59%), total pulses 913.51 (812.65, 89%), total Oilseeds 288.89 (209.98, 72.6%) and total Rabi crops 1830.00 (1410.25, 77%). Agricultural operations like sowing of leafy vegetables (spinach, fenugreek) and planting of chillies, tomato, brinjal and cauliflower, intercultural operations in vegetables, need based application of insecticides in vegetables and sowing of winter maize and sunflower crops are in progress. Pigeonpea crop in pod formation to physiological maturity stage. Chickpea is in branching to pre flowering stage. Early sown sunflower, Pea, mustard and lentil are in vegetative stage. Brinjal and tomato are in flowering to fruiting stage. Sugarcane is in maturity stage. Wheat crops in CRI and tillering stage. Flowering in mango crop has started. Low intensity of shoot fruit borer spp. and diamond back moth, thrips, Jassids, leaf miner and yellow vein mosaic in brinjal and cauliflower crops was noticed

Uttar Pradesh

Eastern Uttar Pradesh

     Moderate foggy weather in morning hours is prevailed in Eastern region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation, top dressing of fertilizer nitrogen in wheat and digging of potato crops are in progress. Timely sown wheat is in tillering stage while late sown wheat is in CRI stage and pigeon pea is in reproductive stage. Light intensity of blight in potato crop was noticed.

Western Uttar Pradesh           

Cold wave condition prevailed in West Uttar Pradesh region of Uttar Pradesh state during the week. Agricultural operations like irrigation, top dressing urea and spray weedicide in wheat and barley, irrigation in pigeon pea, lentil, nipping and spray in gram, spray pesticide in pea, top dressing mustard and dig out early sown crop and spray pesticide in potato crops are in progress. Wheat and barley are in emergence to CRI /tillering stage, toria is at dough/ maturity stage, pea and mustard are at vegetative stage and vegetables are at flowering /fruiting stage. Light intensity of late blight in potato and powdery mildew in pea crop was noticed

Gujarat

          Dry weather prevailed in Gujrat state during this week. The average maximum temperature is higher in tune of 1.4 0C and minimum temperature is lower in tune of 1.1 0C as compared to their normal values. Agricultural operations like irrigation in normal sown wheat & mustard and regular removal of suckers in rustic tobacco crop are in progress. Wheat at heading stage, mustard at pod development stage. Vegetative stage in tobacco. Potato in reproductive stage. Pod development stage in Mustard, boot stage in wheat, vegetative stage in potato and pod development stage in chickpea and pigeon pea and tomato in fruiting stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Jammu & Kashmir

             Light rainfall received in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir state during this week. The maximum temperature remained below normal by 1.0 to 2.0 0C and ranged from 16.6 to 17.2 0C. In case of minimum temperature it remained below normal by 1.0 to 4.0 0C and ranged from 1.0 to 6.6 0C. Agricultural operations like application of nitrogen fertilizer as top dressing in normal and late sown wheat and barley crop, weed control measures in early and normal sown wheat crop, plant protection measures in mustard, vegetable and pulses crop, sowing of very late wheat crop in rainfed areas and transplanting of onion and protection of young fruit plants from cold/low temperature are in progress. Normal sown wheat is at jointing stage. Late sown wheat is at CRI stage. Normal and early sown mustard is at reproductive stage and pulse crop is at initiation of flowering stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Jharkhand               

Cloudy weather and light rain during this week. Daily maximum and minimum rainfall range between 20.2 to 26.3 ºC and 2.2 to 8.3 ºC respectively. Agricultural operations like harvesting of potato, planting of onion and cole crop has been finished and direction on fish rearing is in progress. Wheat is at maximum tillering to jointing. Potato at tuber formation to maturity stage. Chickpea at vegetative to flowering linseed at flowering to pod formation, field pea at flowering to pod formation and mustard crop is at flowering to post flowering stage. Timely sown pigeonpea at flowering to pod formation, while late sown pigeonpea is at pre flowering to flowering stage. Light intensity of blight in potato crop was noticed.

Kerala

          Dry weather prevailed in Kerala state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged from 34.0 to 35.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 19.4 to 22.0 0C.  Agricultural operations like irrigation, propping and mulching in Banana is in progress. Second paddy crop is in harvesting stage. Nursery preparation for third paddy crop in high range zone. Harvesting continuing in ginger, cardamom, coffee and pepper. Moderate intensity of powdery mildew in okra, leaf eating caterpillar and mite in coconut, mosquito bug in coffee, sigatoka leaf spot in banana, leaf eating caterpillar in rubber and marginal thrips in pepper was noticed.

Madhya Pradesh         

Cloudy weather with light shower of rains prevailed in the eastern region of Madhya Pradesh state during this week. Both day and night temperatures decline after disappearance of cloud cover. Agricultural operations like insecticide application in pulses and oilseeds, urea application in wheat, berseem and fodder crop and irrigation in wheat crops are in progress. Vegetables like tomato, cauliflower and cabbage at harvesting stage. Wheat at jointing stage, chickpea at 50 % flowering stage, pigeonpea at pod development stage and mustard at siliqua formation stage. Low intensity of pod borer in chickpea and aphids in mustard crops was noticed.

Karnataka

North Karnataka

         Dry weather prevailed in Northern region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting of pigeonpea, chickpea and onion and intrcultivation in sorghum crop is under progress. Pigeonpea, chickpea and onion are at harvesting stage, safflower is in seed filling stage and sorghum is at grain filling stage. Moderate intensity of sucking pest in safflower and pod borer chickpea was noticed.

South Karnataka

           Dry weather prevailed in southern region of Karnataka state during the week. Agricultural operations like harvesting, cleaning and storage of maize, ragi and short duration crops, harvesting of pigeonpea crop and plant protection measure in mango crop is under progress. All the crops are in harvesting stage, mango is in flowering to fruit setting stage. Moderate intensity of powdery mildew disease in mango was noticed.

Odisha

          Dry weather prevailed in Odisha state during the week. Agricultural operations like transplanting of summer rice, planting of sugarcane, threshing of late rice, nursery management of rice, sowing of summer maize, intercultural operation in onion, sowing of summer groundnut, plant protection in irrigated mustard, nursery sowing of ragi, intercultural operations in Bengal gram and pea pinching of marigold. Sowing of summer sunflower, land preparation of summer sesame, pruning and top dressing of rose and jasmine, removal of suckers from chrysanthemum, harvesting of late duration paddy, plant protection in potato, planting and plant protection of cole crops planting and tomato in main field plant protection of medium arhar crops are in progress. Seedling stage of summer rice. Harvesting stage of sugarcane Seed development stage of Beans Maturity stage of potato Seed development stage of medium pigeon pea Maturity stage of early rainfed mustard Peg initiation stage to pod development stage of rabi groundnut Flowering stage of rabi sunflower Seedling stage of summer groundnut Seedling stage of sugarcane Silking stage of rabi maize Harvesting stage of sugarcane Fruiting stage of brinjal, tomato okra, cucurbits, cowpea Harvesting stage of turmeric, zinger, colocasia and yam Harvesting stage of cole crops. Low intensity of yellow stem borer, leaf folder/case worm, brown plant hopper, white backed plant hopper and blast in paddy crop was noticed.

Punjab

       Dry weather prevailed in Punjab state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged between 16.4 to 17.2 0C and minimum temperature ranged between 2.8 to 6.6 0C. Agricultural operations like irrigation to the wheat, gobhi, sarson and sowing of sunflower varieties like PSH 568, PSFH 118, SH 3322, Jawalamukhi and GKSFH 2002 are in progress. Wheat is in vegetative stage and mustard is at flowering stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Rajasthan

          Cold waves prevailed in the entire Rajasthan state during this week. The lowest temperature -3.5 0C was recorded on 12th Jan at Fatehpur (Sikar).Below zero 0C temperature was recorded at many places (Mt Abu, Rajsamand, Churu etc.) The maximum temperature is range from 19.1 to 23.0 0C with mean value of 20.9 0C which is 2.5 0C below the normal value. The minimum temperature range from 2.0 to 11.7 0C with mean value of 5.6 0C which is equal the normal value. Agricultural operations like irrigation in wheat, mustard, forage crops, hoeing and thinning in opium poppy and intercultural operations in vegetables crops are in progress. Wheat is in CRI to heading stage, opium poppy is at 3 leaf to rosette stage, mustard is at flowering stage and fenugreek and gram are at vegetative stage. No major pests and diseases were noticed.

Tamil Nadu

          Dry weather prevailed in Tamil Nadu state during this week. Maximum temperature ranged from 29.0 to 34.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 17.0 to 24.0 0C. Agricultural operations like spraying of pesticide and drought mitigation practices are in progress. Rice is in active tillering to panicle initiation stage. Chillies are in vegetative to flowering stage. Cotton is in boll development to boll bursting stage. Millets are in maturity stage. Banana is in bunch development stage. Sugarcane is in grand growth stage. Moderate intensity of leaf folder, ear head bug in rice, thrips, die back in chillies, leaf hopper, stem weevil, mealy bug in cotton and top borer in sugarcane noticed.

West Bengal

         Dry weather prevailed in West Bengal state during this week. The maximum temperature ranged from 22.2 to 27.0 0C and minimum temperature ranged from 9.0 to 13.0 0C, respectively. Agricultural operations like intercultural intercultural operations as well as harvesting for vegetables like brinjal, tomato, okra, bitter gourd, cucumber, intercultural operation (irrigation) as well as harvesting is going on in sugarcane, nursery management and main field preparation for boro rice, intercultural as well as harvesting operations for cabbage, cauliflower and intercultural operation of brinjal, beet, potato and mustard crops are in progress. Boro rice is in seedling stage, vegetables and all gourds is in vegetative and fruiting stage, sugarcane is in maturity stage, cabbage and cauliflower are at vegetative growth stage and potato and mustard are at vegetative stage. Low intensity of downy mildew in vegetable in crops was noticed.

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